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Delay differential equations via the matrix lambert w function and bifurcation analysis: application to machine tool chatter

1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125
2. Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, 525 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109

In a turning process modeled using delay differential equations (DDEs), we investigate the stability of the regenerative machine tool chatter problem. An approach using the matrix Lambert W function for the analytical solution to systems of delay differential equations is applied to this problem and compared with the result obtained using a bifurcation analysis. The Lambert W function, known to be useful for solving scalar first-order DDEs, has recently been extended to a matrix Lambert W function approach to solve systems of DDEs. The essential advantages of the matrix Lambert W approach are not only the similarity to the concept of the state transition matrix in linear ordinary differential equations, enabling its use for general classes of linear delay differential equations, but also the observation that we need only the principal branch among an infinite number of roots to determine the stability of a system of DDEs. The bifurcation method combined with Sturm sequences provides an algorithm for determining the stability of DDEs without restrictive geometric analysis. With this approach, one can obtain the critical values of delay, which determine the stability of a system and hence the preferred operating spindle speed without chatter. We apply both the matrix Lambert W function and the bifurcation analysis approach to the problem of chatter stability in turning, and compare the results obtained to existing methods. The two new approaches show excellent accuracy and certain other advantages, when compared to traditional graphical, computational and approximate methods.
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Keywords Lambert W function; delay differential equation; regenerative tool chatter; bifurcation analysis.

Citation: Sun Yi, Patrick W. Nelson, A. Galip Ulsoy. Delay differential equations via the matrix lambert w function and bifurcation analysis: application to machine tool chatter. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2007, 4(2): 355-368. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2007.4.355


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