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Long-term peak electricity demand forecasting in South Africa: A quantile regression averaging approach

1 Department of Statistics and Operations Research, University of Limpopo, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga, 0727, South Africa
2 Department of Statistics, University of South Africa, Private Bag X6, Florida 1710, South Africa
3 Department of Statistics, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou, 0950, Limpopo, South Africa

Topical Section: Smart Grids and Networks

Forecasting electricity demand in South Africa remains an increasingly national challenge as the government does not sufficiently take into account the impact of the electricity prices in their electricity demand forecast. Effective measures to rapidly reduce the demand of electricity are urgently needed to deal with future electricity prices and government policies uncertainties within the energy industry. Moreover, long-term peak electricity demand forecasting methods are needed to quantify the uncertainty of future electricity demand for better electricity security management. The prediction of long-term electricity demand assists decision makers in the electricity sector in planning for capacity generation. This paper presents an application of quantile regression averaging (QRA) approach using South African monthly and quarterly data ranging from January 2007 to December 2014. Variable selection is done in a comparative manner using ridge, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso), cross validation (CV) and elastic net. We compare the forecasting accuracy of monthly peak electricity demand (MPED) and quarterly peak electricity demand (QPED) forecasting models using generalised additive models (GAMs) and QRA. The coefficient estimates for ridge, Lasso and elastic net are estimated and compared using MPED and QPED data.
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Keywords additive quantile regression; cubic smoothing splines; long term peak demand forecasting; penalised regression methods; quantile regression averaging model; temperature

Citation: Norman Maswanganyi, Edmore Ranganai, Caston Sigauke. Long-term peak electricity demand forecasting in South Africa: A quantile regression averaging approach. AIMS Energy, 2019, 7(6): 857-882. doi: 10.3934/energy.2019.6.857


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