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World geography and power, national capitals, and inequality as cross-national causes of food security and environmental outcomes

1 Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2 Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
3 Scientist, Global Health Research, Family Health International 360, Durham, NC 27701, USA

Special Editions: Elucidating the Specifics of Food Security: Diverse Challenges, Differing Perspectives and Ranges of Solutions

Treatments of sustainability outcomes such as food security, economic development and environmental degradation typically have adopted monocausal approaches. Many have argued for substantial increases in world meat production as the panacea to global food insecurity. We use global and national synthetic explanations and path analytic approaches to examine sustainability outcomes for 200 nations. Both strong direct or indirect links are found among global geography, global power and national capitals, as well as warfare and military expenditures, and economic development. These factors are differentially predictive of the other key measures of sustainability.
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Copyright Info: © 2016, Edward Kick, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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