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A data assimilation framework to predict the response of glioma cells to radiation


  • Received: 19 July 2022 Revised: 19 September 2022 Accepted: 22 September 2022 Published: 08 October 2022
  • We incorporate a practical data assimilation methodology into our previously established experimental-computational framework to predict the heterogeneous response of glioma cells receiving fractionated radiation treatment. Replicates of 9L and C6 glioma cells grown in 96-well plates were irradiated with six different fractionation schemes and imaged via time-resolved microscopy to yield 360- and 286-time courses for the 9L and C6 lines, respectively. These data were used to calibrate a biology-based mathematical model and then make predictions within two different scenarios. For Scenario 1, 70% of the time courses are fit to the model and the resulting parameter values are averaged. These average values, along with the initial cell number, initialize the model to predict the temporal evolution for each test time course (10% of the data). In Scenario 2, the predictions for the test cases are made with model parameters initially assigned from the training data, but then updated with new measurements every 24 hours via four versions of a data assimilation framework. We then compare the predictions made from Scenario 1 and the best version of Scenario 2 to the experimentally measured microscopy measurements using the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC). Across all fractionation schemes, Scenario 1 achieved a CCC value (mean ± standard deviation) of 0.845 ± 0.185 and 0.726 ± 0.195 for the 9L and C6 cell lines, respectively. For the best data assimilation version from Scenario 2 (validated with the last 20% of the data), the CCC values significantly increased to 0.954 ± 0.056 (p = 0.002) and 0.901 ± 0.061 (p = 8.9e-5) for the 9L and C6 cell lines, respectively. Thus, we have developed a data assimilation approach that incorporates an experimental-computational system to accurately predict the in vitro response of glioma cells to fractionated radiation therapy.

    Citation: Junyan Liu, David A. Hormuth II, Jianchen Yang, Thomas E. Yankeelov. A data assimilation framework to predict the response of glioma cells to radiation[J]. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2023, 20(1): 318-336. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2023015

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  • We incorporate a practical data assimilation methodology into our previously established experimental-computational framework to predict the heterogeneous response of glioma cells receiving fractionated radiation treatment. Replicates of 9L and C6 glioma cells grown in 96-well plates were irradiated with six different fractionation schemes and imaged via time-resolved microscopy to yield 360- and 286-time courses for the 9L and C6 lines, respectively. These data were used to calibrate a biology-based mathematical model and then make predictions within two different scenarios. For Scenario 1, 70% of the time courses are fit to the model and the resulting parameter values are averaged. These average values, along with the initial cell number, initialize the model to predict the temporal evolution for each test time course (10% of the data). In Scenario 2, the predictions for the test cases are made with model parameters initially assigned from the training data, but then updated with new measurements every 24 hours via four versions of a data assimilation framework. We then compare the predictions made from Scenario 1 and the best version of Scenario 2 to the experimentally measured microscopy measurements using the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC). Across all fractionation schemes, Scenario 1 achieved a CCC value (mean ± standard deviation) of 0.845 ± 0.185 and 0.726 ± 0.195 for the 9L and C6 cell lines, respectively. For the best data assimilation version from Scenario 2 (validated with the last 20% of the data), the CCC values significantly increased to 0.954 ± 0.056 (p = 0.002) and 0.901 ± 0.061 (p = 8.9e-5) for the 9L and C6 cell lines, respectively. Thus, we have developed a data assimilation approach that incorporates an experimental-computational system to accurately predict the in vitro response of glioma cells to fractionated radiation therapy.



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