### AIMS Mathematics

2021, Issue 8: 8854-8867. doi: 10.3934/math.2021513
Research article Special Issues

# Convergence of maximum likelihood supertree reconstruction

• Received: 29 February 2020 Accepted: 16 May 2021 Published: 11 June 2021
• MSC : Primary 05C05, 62F12; secondary 92B10, 92D15

• Supertree methods are tree reconstruction techniques that combine several smaller gene trees (possibly on different sets of species) to build a larger species tree. The question of interest is whether the reconstructed supertree converges to the true species tree as the number of gene trees increases (that is, the consistency of supertree methods). In this paper, we are particularly interested in the convergence rate of the maximum likelihood supertree. Previous studies on the maximum likelihood supertree approach often formulate the question of interest as a discrete problem and focus on reconstructing the correct topology of the species tree. Aiming to reconstruct both the topology and the branch lengths of the species tree, we propose an analytic approach for analyzing the convergence of the maximum likelihood supertree method. Specifically, we consider each tree as one point of a metric space and prove that the distance between the maximum likelihood supertree and the species tree converges to zero at a polynomial rate under some mild conditions. We further verify these conditions for the popular exponential error model of gene trees.

Citation: Vu Dinh, Lam Si Tung Ho. Convergence of maximum likelihood supertree reconstruction[J]. AIMS Mathematics, 2021, 6(8): 8854-8867. doi: 10.3934/math.2021513

### Related Papers:

• Supertree methods are tree reconstruction techniques that combine several smaller gene trees (possibly on different sets of species) to build a larger species tree. The question of interest is whether the reconstructed supertree converges to the true species tree as the number of gene trees increases (that is, the consistency of supertree methods). In this paper, we are particularly interested in the convergence rate of the maximum likelihood supertree. Previous studies on the maximum likelihood supertree approach often formulate the question of interest as a discrete problem and focus on reconstructing the correct topology of the species tree. Aiming to reconstruct both the topology and the branch lengths of the species tree, we propose an analytic approach for analyzing the convergence of the maximum likelihood supertree method. Specifically, we consider each tree as one point of a metric space and prove that the distance between the maximum likelihood supertree and the species tree converges to zero at a polynomial rate under some mild conditions. We further verify these conditions for the popular exponential error model of gene trees.

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