Post-inhibitory rebound (PIR) spike induced by the negative stimulation, which plays important roles and presents counterintuitive nonlinear phenomenon in the nervous system, is mainly related to the Hopf bifurcation and hyperpolarization-active caution ($ I_h $) current. In the present paper, the emerging condition for the PIR spike is extended to the bifurcation of the big homoclinic (BHom) orbit in a model without $ I_h $ current. The threshold curve for a spike evoked from a mono-stable or coexisting steady state surrounds the steady state from left, to below, and to right, because the BHom orbit is big enough to surround the steady state. The right part of the threshold curve coincides with the stable manifold of the saddle and acts the threshold for the spike induced by the positive stimulation, resembling that of the saddle-node bifurcation on an invariant cycle, and the left part acts the threshold for the PIR spike, resembling that of the Hopf bifurcation. The bifurcation curve and a codimension-2 bifurcation point related to the BHom orbit are acquired in the two-parameter plane. The results present a comprehensive viewpoint to the dynamics near the BHom orbit bifurcation, which presents a novel threshold curve and extends the conditions for the PIR spike.
Citation: Xianjun Wang, Huaguang Gu, Bo Lu. Big homoclinic orbit bifurcation underlying post-inhibitory rebound spike and a novel threshold curve of a neuron[J]. Electronic Research Archive, 2021, 29(5): 2987-3015. doi: 10.3934/era.2021023
Post-inhibitory rebound (PIR) spike induced by the negative stimulation, which plays important roles and presents counterintuitive nonlinear phenomenon in the nervous system, is mainly related to the Hopf bifurcation and hyperpolarization-active caution ($ I_h $) current. In the present paper, the emerging condition for the PIR spike is extended to the bifurcation of the big homoclinic (BHom) orbit in a model without $ I_h $ current. The threshold curve for a spike evoked from a mono-stable or coexisting steady state surrounds the steady state from left, to below, and to right, because the BHom orbit is big enough to surround the steady state. The right part of the threshold curve coincides with the stable manifold of the saddle and acts the threshold for the spike induced by the positive stimulation, resembling that of the saddle-node bifurcation on an invariant cycle, and the left part acts the threshold for the PIR spike, resembling that of the Hopf bifurcation. The bifurcation curve and a codimension-2 bifurcation point related to the BHom orbit are acquired in the two-parameter plane. The results present a comprehensive viewpoint to the dynamics near the BHom orbit bifurcation, which presents a novel threshold curve and extends the conditions for the PIR spike.
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