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Lagged settlement in sandy cobble strata and earth pressure on shield tunnel

1 School of Civil Engineering & Transportation, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510641, China
2 Fujian Provincial University Research Center for Advanced Civil Engineering Materials, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
3 College of Civil Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
4 Microlab, Section of Materials and Environment, Department of 3MD, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
5 Guangzhou University-Tamkang University Joint Research Centre for Engineering Structure Disaster Prevention and Control, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China

Special Issues: Mathematical Methods in Civil Engineering

## Abstract    Full Text(HTML)    Figure/Table

Lagged settlement is a typical accident induced by shield construction in sandy cobble strata. This paper analyzed the process and mechanism of lagged settlement, results show that all phases are in accord with the characteristics of ellipsoid theory of particle flows. Based on this theory, a method for calculating coefficient of lateral earth pressure and loosened earth pressure is proposed in this research. For the coefficient of lateral earth pressure, the boundary of loosened ellipsoid is divided into two parts, the arch zone and the excavation zone, and the lateral pressure coefficients are derived respectively according to the stress state. For loosened earth pressure on tunnel, the Terzaghi earth pressure theory and Protodyakonov earth pressure theory are adapted in different conditions according to the state of loosened cobble soil. Theories developed in this study can be applied on determination of shield excavation parameters, as well as calculation of loosened earth pressure and control of tunnel support.
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