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Comparison of dominant hand to non-dominant hand in conduction of reaching task from 3D kinematic data: Trade-off between successful rate and movement efficiency

1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Luo Hu peoples’ hospital, Shenzhen, China
3 Guangdong Work Injury Rehabilitation Center, Guangzhou, China
4 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China

Special Issues: Advanced Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine

This study aimed to investigate the effects of handedness on motion accuracies and to compare 3D kinematic data in reaching performance of dominant and non-dominant hand with the influence of movement speed and target locations. Twelve healthy young adults used self-selected and fast speed to reach for three different target locations as follows: frontal, ipsilateral and contralateral to the performing hand, with equal distance. Both hands were tested and kinematic parameters were recorded by 3D motion analysis system. Successful rate, reach path ratio, mean and peak velocity, the timing of peak velocity and ROM of joints were analyzed. Reach path ratio was smaller when using the dominant hand (p < 0.01) and fast speed (p < 0.01) to perform the movement, but the successful rate of the dominant hand was lower than non-dominant hand during fast speed reaching (99.1% vs 100%). Contralateral movement had lower velocity than the other two target locations, while velocity did not vary between non-dominant and dominant hand. The timing of peak velocity occurred significantly later for fast speed movements (p < 0.01). Trunk rotation was significantly smaller when using the dominant hand, fast movement speed or reaching to the ipsilateral target. The ROM of elbow and wrist flexion-extension decreased in contralateral reaching. The performance of the dominant hand and/or fast speed movements was more efficient with straighter hand path and less trunk rotation, but the successful rate decreased in dominant hand during fast speed movements. The timing of peak velocity occurred later during fast movement in both hands indicating a decreased feedback phase. Target location can influence movement strategy as reaching to contralateral target required more proximal movements and ipsilateral reaching used more distal segment movements.
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