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Optimal covering points and curves

1 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Macquarie University, 12 Wally’s Walk L6, Sidney, Australia
2 Mathematics Department, University of British Columbia, #121 Mathematics Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z2

Special Issues: Applied and Industrial Mathematics in Canada and Worldwide

We consider the optimal covering of the unit square by N circles. By optimal, we mean the covering that can be done with N circles of minimum radius. Equivalently, we study the problem of the optimal placement of N points such that the maximum over all locations in the square of the distance of the location to the set of points is minimized. We propose a new algorithm that can identify optimal coverings to high precision. Numerical predictions of optimal coverings for N = 1 to 16 agree with the best known results in the literature. We use the optimal designs in approximations to two novel, related problems involving the optimal placement of curves.
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Keywords covering; regularized Newton method; experimental design; optimal networks; fuel cell channels

Citation: Justin Tzou, Brian Wetton. Optimal covering points and curves. AIMS Mathematics, 2019, 4(6): 1796-1804. doi: 10.3934/math.2019.6.1796


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