Research Article

Analysis of a normal and aero helmet on an elite cyclist in the dropped position

  • Received: 03 February 2020 Accepted: 22 March 2020 Published: 25 March 2020
  • Cyclists use to wear different helmets and adopt different body positions on the bicycle to minimize resistance. The aim of this study was to compare a standard helmet with the new aero road helmets in a bicycle-cyclist system by CFD on the dropped position. An elite level road cyclist volunteered to this research. The cyclist was scanned on his racing bicycle on the dropped position wearing competition gear and a standard helmet and an aero road helmet. A three-dimensional domain around the cyclist with 7 m of length, 2.5 m of width and 2.5 m of height and meshed with more than 43 million of prismatic and tetrahedral elements. The numerical simulations were conducted at 11.11 m/s. The numerical simulations outputs were viscous, pressure and total drag and coefficient of drag. The standard helmet presented a viscous drag of 10.52 N, a pressure drag of 16.51 N and a total drag of 21.98 N. The aero road helmet presented a pressure drag of 7.40 N, a viscous drag of 12.56 N and a total drag of 19.96 N. Moreover, the aero road helmet presented a lower viscous, pressure and total drag coefficient in comparison to the standard helmet. It is possible to conclude that an aero road helmet imposes less drag in comparison to a standard helmet.

    Citation: Pedro Forte, Daniel A Marinho, Tiago M Barbosa, Jorge E Morais. Analysis of a normal and aero helmet on an elite cyclist in the dropped position[J]. AIMS Biophysics, 2020, 7(1): 54-64. doi: 10.3934/biophy.2020005

    Related Papers:

  • Cyclists use to wear different helmets and adopt different body positions on the bicycle to minimize resistance. The aim of this study was to compare a standard helmet with the new aero road helmets in a bicycle-cyclist system by CFD on the dropped position. An elite level road cyclist volunteered to this research. The cyclist was scanned on his racing bicycle on the dropped position wearing competition gear and a standard helmet and an aero road helmet. A three-dimensional domain around the cyclist with 7 m of length, 2.5 m of width and 2.5 m of height and meshed with more than 43 million of prismatic and tetrahedral elements. The numerical simulations were conducted at 11.11 m/s. The numerical simulations outputs were viscous, pressure and total drag and coefficient of drag. The standard helmet presented a viscous drag of 10.52 N, a pressure drag of 16.51 N and a total drag of 21.98 N. The aero road helmet presented a pressure drag of 7.40 N, a viscous drag of 12.56 N and a total drag of 19.96 N. Moreover, the aero road helmet presented a lower viscous, pressure and total drag coefficient in comparison to the standard helmet. It is possible to conclude that an aero road helmet imposes less drag in comparison to a standard helmet.
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    Acknowledgment



    This work is supported by national funding through the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, I.P., under project UID/DTP/04045/2019.

    Conflict of interest



    All authors declare no conflicts of interest in this paper.

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    © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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