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Controlling imported malaria cases in the United States of America

1. Department of Mathematics and Physics, Grambling State University, Grambling, LA 71245, USA
2. Department of Mathematics, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA

We extend the mathematical malaria epidemic model framework of Dembele et al. and use it to “capture” the 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported data on the 2011 number of imported malaria cases in the USA. Furthermore, we use our “fitted” malaria models for the top 20 countries of malaria acquisition by USA residents to study the impact of protecting USA residents from malaria infection when they travel to malaria endemic areas, the impact of protecting residents of malaria endemic regions from mosquito bites and the impact of killing mosquitoes in those endemic areas on the CDC number of imported malaria cases in USA. To significantly reduce the number of imported malaria cases in USA, for each top 20 country of malaria acquisition by USA travelers, we compute the optimal proportion of USA international travelers that must be protected against malaria infection and the optimal proportion of mosquitoes that must be killed.

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Keywords CDC; imported malaria; mosquito; USA travelers

Citation: Bassidy Dembele, Abdul-Aziz Yakubu. Controlling imported malaria cases in the United States of America. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2017, 14(1): 95-109. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2017007

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Copyright Info: 2017, Abdul-Aziz Yakubu, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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