Research article

Effects of treated water with neodymium magnets (NdFeB) on growth characteristics of pepper (Capsicum annuum)

  • Received: 15 May 2020 Accepted: 07 July 2020 Published: 21 July 2020
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of magnetic water treatment on growth characteristics of pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. One week old pepper plants were selected and divided into four groups in a complete randomized design. In our study, we took normal tap water and divided it into four parts. The first group received given non-magnetically treated water (as a control), while the remaining groups received magnetized water at 3, 6, and 9 magnets, respectively. Four pipes and 18 permanent magnets with a flux density of 70 mT were used for this system. The results of the current study showed that magnetized water caused significant increases in all studied parameters, except plant length and dry weight, when compared to non-magnetized water. The results revealed that magnetizing water with 6 magnets was effective than others in increasing the number of fruits and leaves per plant, whereas magnetizing water with 9 magnets was effective than others in increasing the fresh weight of produces fruits. The impact of magnetic water treatment depends on the number of magnets used to magnetizing water. It appears that the utilization of magnetically treated water can lead to improving the quantity and quality of pepper fruits. Therefore, applying magnetized water could be one of the most promising ways to enhance agricultural production in an environmentally friendly way.

    Citation: Etimad Alattar, Khitam Alwasife, Eqbal Radwan. Effects of treated water with neodymium magnets (NdFeB) on growth characteristics of pepper (Capsicum annuum)[J]. AIMS Biophysics, 2020, 7(4): 267-290. doi: 10.3934/biophy.2020021

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  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of magnetic water treatment on growth characteristics of pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. One week old pepper plants were selected and divided into four groups in a complete randomized design. In our study, we took normal tap water and divided it into four parts. The first group received given non-magnetically treated water (as a control), while the remaining groups received magnetized water at 3, 6, and 9 magnets, respectively. Four pipes and 18 permanent magnets with a flux density of 70 mT were used for this system. The results of the current study showed that magnetized water caused significant increases in all studied parameters, except plant length and dry weight, when compared to non-magnetized water. The results revealed that magnetizing water with 6 magnets was effective than others in increasing the number of fruits and leaves per plant, whereas magnetizing water with 9 magnets was effective than others in increasing the fresh weight of produces fruits. The impact of magnetic water treatment depends on the number of magnets used to magnetizing water. It appears that the utilization of magnetically treated water can lead to improving the quantity and quality of pepper fruits. Therefore, applying magnetized water could be one of the most promising ways to enhance agricultural production in an environmentally friendly way.


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    Acknowledgments



    This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Conflicts of interest



    The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

    Author contributions



    Eqbal Radwan wrote the manuscript and prepared figures, tables, and references. Etimad Alattar conceptualized the overall structure and edited the manuscript. Khitam Alwasife contributed critical comments to the draft and approved the manuscript. All the authors reviewed the draft.

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