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A stacking ensemble learning for Iberian pigs activity prediction: a time series forecasting approach

  • Received: 01 March 2024 Revised: 19 March 2024 Accepted: 25 March 2024 Published: 11 April 2024
  • MSC : 68T05, 68T07, 68T09, 92D50

  • Automatic determination of abnormal animal activities can be helpful for the timely detection of signs of health and welfare problems. Usually, this problem is addressed as a classification problem, which typically requires manual annotation of behaviors. This manual annotation can introduce noise into the data and may not always be possible. This motivated us to address the problem as a time-series forecasting problem in which the activity of an animal can be predicted. In this work, different machine learning techniques were tested to obtain activity patterns for Iberian pigs. In particular, we propose a novel stacking ensemble learning approach that combines base learners with meta-learners to obtain the final predictive model. Results confirm the superior performance of the proposed method relative to the other tested strategies. We also explored the possibility of using predictive models trained on an animal to predict the activity of different animals on the same farm. As expected, the predictive performance degrades in this case, but it remains acceptable. The proposed method could be integrated into a monitoring system that may have the potential to transform the way farm animals are monitored, improving their health and welfare conditions, for example, by allowing the early detection of a possible health problem.

    Citation: Federico Divina, Miguel García-Torres, Francisco Gómez-Vela, Domingo S. Rodriguez-Baena. A stacking ensemble learning for Iberian pigs activity prediction: a time series forecasting approach[J]. AIMS Mathematics, 2024, 9(5): 13358-13384. doi: 10.3934/math.2024652

    Related Papers:

  • Automatic determination of abnormal animal activities can be helpful for the timely detection of signs of health and welfare problems. Usually, this problem is addressed as a classification problem, which typically requires manual annotation of behaviors. This manual annotation can introduce noise into the data and may not always be possible. This motivated us to address the problem as a time-series forecasting problem in which the activity of an animal can be predicted. In this work, different machine learning techniques were tested to obtain activity patterns for Iberian pigs. In particular, we propose a novel stacking ensemble learning approach that combines base learners with meta-learners to obtain the final predictive model. Results confirm the superior performance of the proposed method relative to the other tested strategies. We also explored the possibility of using predictive models trained on an animal to predict the activity of different animals on the same farm. As expected, the predictive performance degrades in this case, but it remains acceptable. The proposed method could be integrated into a monitoring system that may have the potential to transform the way farm animals are monitored, improving their health and welfare conditions, for example, by allowing the early detection of a possible health problem.



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