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Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand regulate the accumulation of extracelluar matrix in pulmonary artery by activating the phosphorylation of Smad2/3

Cardiovascular Department for Gerontism, The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China

These authors contributed equally to this work.

Special Issues: Advanced Big Data Analysis for Precision Medicine

Introduction: Previous studies have found that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) was involved in the progression of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and TRAIL knocking (KO) has an inhibitory effect on PH, but its mechanism is not completely clear. Methods: The effects of TRAIL on the accumulation of extracelluar matrix (ECM), which is one of the most important processes of vascular remodeling, were observed in mice and isolated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). In vivo, mice were divided into four groups: Control group (n = 5), hypoxia-induced PH mice group (n = 8), anti-TRAIL antibody (TRAIL-Ab) treatment group (n = 8) and IgG antibody (IgG) group (n = 8). The effects of TRAIL-Ab on ECM expression in hypoxic induced PH were researched; in vivo, PASMCs were divided into three groups: Control group, hypoxia-induced group, TRAIL-Ab group. Expressions of p-Smad2/3 and p-Smad1/5/8 were compared among the three groups. Results: Hypoxia-induced PH mice had significant increases in right ventricle systolic pressure (RVSP) (P < 0.001), right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) (P = 0.007), vascular stenosis (P < 0.001) compared with controls. Mice with anti-TRAIL antibody had lower levels in RVSP (P < 0.001), RVH (P < 0.001), vascular stenosis (P < 0.001) than PH mice. Besides, the TRAIL-Ab significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of Smad2/3 compared with hypoxia-induced group. Conclusion: TRAIL regulates the accumulation of ECM in pulmonary artery by activating pSmad2/3.
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