Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Microstructural and magnetic properties of YBCO nanorods: synthesized by template growth method

1 School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500046, India
2 Department of Physics, GITAM University, Hyderabad, India-502329

Superconductivity in a low dimensional structure is an interesting phenomenon both from fundamental and application point of view. The present study proposes a novel method of fabricating single crystalline YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO/Y123) nanorods from the nitrate solution containing Yttrium (Y), Barium (Ba) and copper (Cu) ions in stoicheometric proportion to that of Y123. The nitrate solution was soaked into cellulose and then was heated to a phase formation temperature of 880 oC with a dwell of 6 and 24 hours followed by oxygenation for 100 hours at 460 oC. Fine particles of YBCO, sintered together to form long (>100 μm) thread like structure with a diameter of ~2 μm were observed. At higher magnification nano-rods with ~ 50–100 nm diameters and length of ~500 nm were observed for 24 hours heat treated sample. Selective area electron diffraction was done on these nanorods and was compared with the simulated pattern of YBCO. A broad diamagnetic, transition in magnetic susceptibility below 90 K indicates the presence of superconductivity. M-H loops recorded at 77 K on these samples indicate superconducting behavior at low fields and paramagnetic behavior at high fields. M-H loops above superconducting transition (90 K–300 K) unveil the ferromagnetism in these samples.
  Article Metrics

Keywords nanorods; superconductors; microstructure; magnetic properties; nanostructures; TEM

Citation: S. Pavan Kumar Naik, P. Missak Swarup Raju. Microstructural and magnetic properties of YBCO nanorods: synthesized by template growth method. AIMS Materials Science, 2016, 3(3): 916-926. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2016.3.916


  • 1. Rao CNR, Kulkarni GU, Thomas PJ, et al. (2002) Size-Dependent Chemistry: Properties of Nanocrystals. Chem A Eur J 8: 28.
  • 2. Ethayaraj M, Bandyopadhyaya R (2007) Mechanism and Modeling of Nanorod Formation from Nanodots. Langmuir 23: 6418.
  • 3. Tachiki M, Yamashita T (1997) Sendai: Proc. 1st RIEC International Symposium on Intrinsic Josephson Effects and THz Plasma Oscillations in High-temperature Superconductors.
  • 4. Bergeal N, Lesueur J, Sirena M, et al. (2007) Using ion irradiation to make high-Tc Josephson junctions. J Appl Phys 102: 083903.
  • 5. Müller P, Festkörperprobleme À (1995) Adv Solid State Phys 34: 1.
  • 6. Kleiner R, Müller P (1996) Critical Currents and Devices (New Age Int, India) 172.
  • 7. Nagao M, Sato M, Maeda H, et al. (2003) Superconducting properties of single-crystal whiskers of(Y0.86Ca0.14)Ba2Cu3Ox (Y0.86Ca0.14)Ba2Cu3Oxgrown from precursors containing calcium and tellurium. Appl Phys Lett 82: 1899–1901.
  • 8. Yu AK, Golubev DS, Zaikin AD (2008) Superconductivity in one dimension Physics. Reports 464: 1-70.    
  • 9. Ginzburg V (1957) Ferromagnetic Superconductors. J Exp Theor Phys 4: 153.
  • 10. Saxena SS, Agarwal P, Ahilan K, et al. (2000) Superconductivity on the border of itinerant-electron ferromagnetism in UGe2, Superconductivity on the border of itinerant-electron ferromagnetism in UGe2. Nature 406: 587.    
  • 11. Gasmia M, Khene S, Fillion G (2013) J Coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in nanosized YBCO powders. J Phys Chem Solids 74: 1414.    
  • 12. Sundaresan A, Rao CNR (2009) Ferromagnetism as a universal feature of inorganic nanoparticles. Nano Today 4: 96.    
  • 13. Shipra A, Gomathi A, Sundaresan A, et al. (2007) Room-temperature ferromagnetism in nanoparticles of superconducting materials. Solid State Commun 142: 685.    
  • 14. Sundaresan A, Rao CNR (2009) Implications and consequences of ferromagnetism universally exhibited by inorganic nanoparticles. Solid State Commun 149: 1197.    
  • 15. Sundaresan A, Bhargavi R, Rangarajan N, et al. (2006) Ferromagnetism as a universal feature of nanoparticles of the otherwise nonmagnetic oxides. Phys Rev B 74: 161306.
  • 16. Elfimov IS, Yunoki S, Sawatzky GA (2002) Possible Path to a New Class of Ferromagnetic and Half-Metallic Ferromagnetic Materials. Phys Rev Lett 89: 216403.    
  • 17. Zywietz A, Furthmuller J, Bechstedt F (2000) Spin state of vacancies: From magnetic Jahn-Teller distortions to multiplets. Phys Rev B 62: 6854.    
  • 18. Hasanain SK, Akhtar N, Mumtaz A (2010) Particle size dependence of the superconductivity and ferromagnetism in YBCO nanoparticles. J Nanoparticle Res 13: 1953.
  • 19. Alikhanzadeh Arani S, Salavati Niasari M (2011) Chemical Synthesis of Sub-Micrometer- to Nanometer-Sized of Antiferromagnetic Sr2CuO3 Ceramic. Proceedings of the International Conference Nanomaterials: Applications and Properties. 1: 1.
  • 20. Arabi H, Jamshidi S, Komeili M, et al. (2013) Coexistence of Superconductivity and Ferromagnetic Phases in YBa2Cu3O7−δNanoparticles. J Supercond Nov Magn 26: 2069.    
  • 21. Zhu Z, Gao D, Dong C, et al. (2012) Coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity in YBCOnanoparticles. Phys Chem Chem Phys 14: 3859.
  • 22. Zhang YF, Tang YH, Duan XF, et al. (2000) Yttrium–barium–copper–oxygen nanorods synthesized by laser ablation. Chem Phys Lett 323: 180.
  • 23. Zuo JM, Mabon JC (2004) Web-based Electron Microscopy Application Software: Web-EMAPS. Microsc Microanal 10. Available from: http://emaps.mrl.uiuc.edu/.
  • 24. Martirosyan KS, Galstyan E, Xue YY, et al. (2008) The fabrication of YBCO superconductor polycrystalline powder by CCSO. Supercond Sci Technol 21: 065008.
  • 25. Pathak LC, Mishra SK (2005) A review on the synthesis of Y–Ba–Cu-oxide powder. Supercond Sci Technol 18: R67.
  • 26. Cava RJ, Batlogg B, Van Dover RB, et al. (1987) Bulk superconductivity at 91 K in single-phase oxygen-deficient perovskiteBa2YCu3O9−δ. Phys Rev Lett 58: 1676.    
  • 27. Bgreid TL, Fossheim K (1988) Evidence for Glasslike Dynamic Behaviour in YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) Superconductor. Europhys Lett 6: 81.
  • 28. Mook HA, Dai P, Dogan F (2002) Charge and Spin Structure inYBa2Cu3O6.35. Phys Rev Lett 88: 097004.
  • 29. Mamalis AG, Petrov MI, Balaev DA, et al. (2001) A dc superconducting fault current limiter using die-pressed YBa2Cu3O7ceramic. Supercond Sci Technol 14: 413.
  • 30. Maki K (1968) The Critical Fluctuation of the Order Parameter in Type-II Superconductors. Prog Theor Phys 39: 897.    
  • 31. Little WA (1967) Decay of Persistent Currents in Small Superconductors. Phys Rev 156: 396.
  • 32. Zhang W-H, Sun Y, Zhang J-S, et al. (2014) Direct Observation of High-Temperature Superconductivity in One-Unit-Cell FeSe Films. Chin Phys Lett 31: 017401.
  • 33. Giordano N (1988) Evidence for Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in One-Dimensional Superconductors. Phys Rev Lett 61: 2137.    
  • 34. Zgirski M, Riikonen KP, Tuboltsev V, et al. (2005) Size Dependent Breakdown of Superconductivity in Ultranarrow Nanowires. Nano Lett 5: 1029.
  • 35. Zgirski M, Riikonen KP, Tuboltsev V, et al. (2008) Quantum fluctuations in ultranarrow superconducting aluminum nanowires. Phys Rev B 77: 054508.    
  • 36. Altomare F, Chang AM, Melloch MR, et al. (2006) Evidence for Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling of Phase Slips in Long One-Dimensional Superconducting Al Wires. Phys Rev Lett 97: 017001.    
  • 37. Tian M, Kumar N, Xu S, et al. (2005) Suppression of Superconductivity in Zinc Nanowires by Bulk Superconductors. Phys Rev Lett 95: 076802.
  • 38. Tian M, Wang J, Zhang Q, et al. (2009) Superconductivity and Quantum Oscillations in Crystalline Bi Nanowire. Nano Lett 9: 3196.
  • 39. Wang J, Sun Y, Tian M, et al. (2012) Superconductivity in single crystalline Pb nanowires contacted by normal metal electrodes. Phys Rev B 86: 035439.
  • 40. Bezryadin A, Lau CN, Tinkham M (2009) Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature 404: 971.
  • 41. Bollinger AT, Reached A, Bezryadin A (2006) Dichotomy in short superconducting nanowires: Thermal phase slippage vs. Coulomb blockade. Europhys Lett 76: 505.
  • 42. Sharifi F, Herzog AV, Dynes RC (1993) Crossover from two to one dimension inin situgrown wires of Pb. Phys Rev Lett 71: 428.    
  • 43. Rogachev A, Bezryadin A (2003) Superconducting properties of polycrystalline Nb nanowires templated by carbon nanotubes. Appl Phys Lett 83: 512.
  • 44. Rogachev A, Bollinger AT, Bezryadin A (2005) Influence of High Magnetic Fields on the Superconducting Transition of One-Dimensional Nb and MoGe Nanowires. Phys Rev Lett 94: 017004.
  • 45. Tian M, Wang J, Kurtz J S, et al. (2005) Dissipation in quasi-one-dimensional superconducting single-crystalSnnanowires. Phys Rev B 71: 104521.    
  • 46. Michotte S, Piraux L, Boyer F, et al. (2004) Development of phase-slip centers in superconductingSnSnnanowires. Appl Phys Lett 85: 3175.    
  • 47. Piraux L, Encinas A, Vila L, et al. (2005) Magnetic and Superconducting Nanowires. Nanosci Nano Technol 5: 372.    
  • 48. Lukens JE, Warburton RJ, Webb WW (1970) Onset of Quantized Thermal Fluctuations in One-Dimensional Superconductors. Phys Rev Lett 25: 1180.
  • 49. Newbower RS, Beasley MR, Tinkham M (1972) Fluctuation Effects on the Superconducting Transition of Tin Whisker Crystals. Phys Rev B 5: 864.    
  • 50. Muralt P, Pohl DW (1986) Scanning tunneling potentiometry. Appl Phys Lett 48: 514.    
  • 51. Soniera JE, Kaisera CV, Pacradounia V, et al. (2010) Direct search for a ferromagnetic phase in a heavily overdoped nonsuperconducting copper oxide. P Natl Acad Sci 107: 17131.    
  • 52. Barbiellini B, Jarlborg T (2008) Evidence for Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling of Phase Slips in Long One-Dimensional Superconducting Al Wires. Phys Rev Lett 101: 157002.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. M. Nasui, R.B. Mos, M.S. Gabor, T. Petrisor, A. Tomolea, E. Ware, F. Goga, A. Mesaros, L. Ciontea, New versatile synthesis for low dimension superparamagnetic YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7−x nanoparticles, Ceramics International, 2017, 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.04.018
  • 2. William Rieken, Atit Bhargava, Rie Horie, Jun Akimitsu, Hiroshi Daimon, YBa2Cu3O x superconducting nanorods, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 2018, 57, 2, 023101, 10.7567/JJAP.57.023101

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, P. Missak Swarup Raju, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved