Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Experimental investigation of surface quality in ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composites through Taguchi method

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITTTR, Chandigarh, India

Topical Section: Advanced composites

In manufacturing industries, the demand of WC-Co composite is flourishing because of the distinctive characteristics it offers such as: toughness (with hardness), good dimensional stability, higher mechanical strength etc. However, the difficulties in its machining restrict the application and competitiveness of this material. The current article has been targeted at evaluation of the effect of process conditions (varying power rating, cobalt content, tool material, part thickness, tool geometry, and size of abrasive particle) on surface roughness in ultrasonic drilling of WC-Co composite. Results showed that abrasive grit size is most influential factor. From the microstructure analysis, the mode of material deformation has been observed and the parameters, i.e. work material properties, grit size, and power rating was revealed as the most crucial for the deformation mode.
  Article Metrics

Keywords microstructure; optimization; roughness; Taguchi; USM; WC-Co

Citation: Ravinder Kataria, Jatinder Kumar, B. S. Pabla. Experimental investigation of surface quality in ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composites through Taguchi method. AIMS Materials Science, 2016, 3(3): 1222-1235. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2016.3.1222


  • 1. Kumar J (2009) Ultrasonic machining—A compressive review. Mach Sci Technol 17: 325–379.
  • 2. Kataria R, Kumar J, Pabla BS (2016) Experimental investigation and optimization of machining characteristics in ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composite using GRA method. Mater Manuf Process 31: 685–693.    
  • 3. Lalchhuanvela H, Doloi B, Battacharyya B (2012) Enabling and understanding ultrasonic machining of engineering ceramics using parametric analysis. Mater Manuf Process 27: 443–448.    
  • 4. Ramulu M (2005) Ultrasonic machining effects on the surface finish and strength of silicon carbide ceramics. Int J Manuf Technol Manage 7: 107–125.
  • 5. Kumar J, Khamba JS, Mohapatra SK (2009) Investigating and modelling tool-wear rate in the ultrasonic machining of titanium. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 41: 1107–1117.    
  • 6. Kumar J (2014) Investigation into the surface quality and micro-hardness in the ultrasonic machining of titanium (ASTM GRADE-1). J Braz Soc Mech Sci 36: 807–823.
  • 7. Jadoun RS, Kumar P, Mishra BK (2009) Taguchi’s optimization of process parameters for production accuracy in ultrasonic drilling of engineering ceramics. Prod Eng Res Dev 3: 243–253.    
  • 8. Kumar J, Khamba JS, Mohapatra SK (2008) An investigation into the machining characteristics of titanium using ultrasonic machining. Int J Mach Mach Mater 3: 143–161.
  • 9. Jadoun RS, Kumar P, Mishra BK, et al. (2006) Optimization of process parameters for ultrasonic drilling (USD) of advanced engineering ceramics using Taguchi approach. Eng Optimiz 38: 771–787.    
  • 10. Kataria R, Kumar J, Pabla BS (2015) Experimental investigation into the hole quality in ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composite. Mater Manuf Process 30: 921–933.    
  • 11. Adithan M (1981) Tool wear characteristics in ultrasonic drilling. Tribol Int 14: 351–356.
  • 12. Agarwal S (2015) On the mechanism and mechanics of material removal in ultrasonic machining. Int J Mach Tool Manu 96: 1–14.    
  • 13. Adithan M, Venkatesh VC (1976) Production accuracy of holes in ultrasonic drilling. Wear 40: 309–318.    
  • 14. Kataria R, Kumar J (2015) Machining of WC-Co composites—A review. Mater Sci Forum 808: 51–64.
  • 15. Mahdavinejad RA, Mahdavinejad A (2005) ED machining of WC-Co. J Mater Process Tech 162–163: 637–643.
  • 16. Lin YC, Chen YF, Lin TC, et al. (2008) Electrical discharge machining (EDM) characteristics associated with electrical discharge energy on machining of cemented tungsten carbide. Mater Manuf Process 23: 391–399.    
  • 17. Yadav SKS, Yadav V (2013) Experimental investigation to study electrical discharge diamond cutoff grinding (EDDCG) machinability of cemented carbide. Mater Manuf Process 28: 1077–1081.    
  • 18. Bhavsar SN, Aravindan S, Rao V (2012) Machinability study of cemented carbide using focused ion beam (FIB) milling. Mater Manuf Process 27: 1029–1034.    
  • 19. Mahamat ATZ, Rani AMA, Husain P (2011) Machining of cemented tungsten carbide using EDM. J Appl Sci 11: 1784–1790.    
  • 20. Singh GK, Yadav V, Kumar R (2010) Diamond face grinding of WC-Co composite with spark assistance: Experimental study and parameter optimization. Int J Precis Eng Man 11: 509–518.    
  • 21. Shabgard MR, Kabirinia F (2014) Effect of dielectric liquid on characteristics of WC-Co powder synthesized using EDM process. Mater Manuf Process 29: 1269–1276.    
  • 22. Kataria R, Kumar J, Pabla BS (2016) Ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composite material: Experimental investigation and optimization using statistical techniques. P I Mech Eng B-J Eng Manuf.
  • 23. Ross PJ (1996) Taguchi Techniques for Quality Engineering.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Jatinder Kumar, Ravi Pratap Singh, Ravinder Kataria, An experimental study on ultrasonic machining of Tungsten carbide-cobalt composite materials, AIMS Materials Science, 2016, 3, 4, 1391, 10.3934/matersci.2016.4.1391
  • 2. Ravi Pratap Singh, Ravinder Kataria, Jatinder Kumar, Jagesvar Verma, Multi-response optimization of machining characteristics in ultrasonic machining of WC-Co composite through Taguchi method and grey-fuzzy logic, AIMS Materials Science, 2018, 5, 1, 75, 10.3934/matersci.2018.1.75
  • 3. S. Marichamy, K. Vinoth Babu, D. Madan, P. Ganesan, Ultrasonic machining and fretting wear of synthesized duplex brass metal matrix, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2019, 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.06.749

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, Ravinder Kataria, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved