Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Photoluminescence engineering in polycrystalline ZnO and ZnO-based compounds

V. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, 45 Pr. Nauky, 03028 Kyiv, Ukraine

Special Issues: Nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications

The results of the investigations of photoluminescence (PL) in ZnO and ZnO-based composite materials are presented. The PL and PL excitation (PLE) spectra of undoped and doped with I group elements or rear earth ions ZnO polycrystalline films, ZnO, Zn1–xMgxO and ZnMgO–TiO2 ceramics were studied. The structural properties of the samples were investigated with X-ray diffraction. Polycrystalline films were prepared by a screen-printing method and annealed at TS = 500–1000 °C. The films annealed at TS < 800 °C exhibited intense UV emission, whereas defect-related one appeared at 800 °C and enhanced with increasing TS. Improvement of the PL and structural characteristics of ZnO films due to Li-doping were achieved. The PL bands caused by Sm and Ho ions were observed under ZnO band-to-band excitation. In the PL spectra of ZnO and Zn1–xMgxO ceramics, two types of PL bands were separated: i) the bands, whose spectral positions were not influenced by the Mg content (green Cu-related as well as self-activated orange and red ones); ii) the bands, spectral positions of which exhibited some blueshift with increasing Mg content (orange Li- and Ag-related and self-activated green ones). In the PL spectra of ZnMgO–TiO2 composites, an intense red emission was found to appear in addition to the broad blue-orange band inherent in ZnMgO alloy. The red emission was ascribed to Mg2TiO4 inclusions in ZnMgO matrix.
  Article Metrics

Keywords ZnO; ZnMgO; ZnMgO–TiO2; ceramics; films; screen-printing; defects; doping; photoluminescence; photoluminescence excitation; rear earth

Citation: Iryna Markevich, Tetyana Stara, Larysa Khomenkova, Volodymyr Kushnirenko, Lyudmyla Borkovska. Photoluminescence engineering in polycrystalline ZnO and ZnO-based compounds. AIMS Materials Science, 2016, 3(2): 508-524. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2016.2.508


  • 1. Ozgür U, Alivov YI, Liu C, et al. (2005) A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J Appl Phys 98: 041301 (1–102).    
  • 2. Kuz’mina IP, Nikitenko VA (1984) Zinc oxide. Production and optical properties, Moscow: Nauka, 1–166, in Russian.
  • 3. Fan JC, Chang SL, Xie Z (2013) ZnO-based light-emitting diodes (Ch. 2) in Optoelectronic—Advanced Materials and Devices, Pyshkin S and Ballato J M (Eds.), ISBN: 978-953-51-0922-8, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/51181.
  • 4. Markevich I, Stara T, Kolomys O, et al. (2014) Influence of annealing in Zn vapor on the luminescence of MgZnO ceramics. Phys Stat Sol C 11: 1485–1487.
  • 5. Markevich IV, Stara TR, Bondarenko VO (2015) About self-activated orange emission in ZnO. Semicond Phys Quantum Electron Optoelectron 18: 134–137.    
  • 6. Markevich IV, Stara TR, Bondarenko VO (2015) Influence of Mg content on defect-related luminescence of undoped and doped MgZnO ceramics. Semicond Phys Quantum Electron Optoelectron 18: 344–348.    
  • 7. Borkovska LV, Stara TR, Markevich IV (2016) Photoluminescence in composite ceramics prepared of zinc, magnesium and titanium oxides. The 2016 E-MRS Spring Meeting, Symposium N, abs. N.13.23, Lille, France.
  • 8. Khomenkova L, Kushnirenko VI, Osipyonok MM, et al. (2015) Structural, electrical and luminescent properties of ZnO:Li films fabricated by screen-printing method on sapphire substrate. Phys Stat Sol C 12: 1144–1147.
  • 9. Khomenkova L, Kushnirenko VI, Osipyonok MM, et al. (2015) Effect of rare-earth doping on structural and luminescent properties of screen-printed ZnO films. ECS Trans 66: 321–332.    
  • 10. Osipyonok M, Pekar G, Syngaivskyy O (2011) The method of fabrication of solid layers by screen printed approach. Patent of Ukraine 94561 (10.05.2011).
  • 11. Studenikin SA, Golego N, Cocivera M (1998) Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis. J Appl Phys 84: 2287–2294.    
  • 12. Lauer RB (1973) The IR photoluminescence emission band in ZnO. J Phys Chem Sol 34: 249–253.
  • 13. Ong HC, Du GT (2004) The evolution of defect emissions in oxygen-deficient and -surplus ZnO thin films: the implication of different growth modes. J Cryst Growth 265: 471–473.    
  • 14. Kang HS, Kim JW, Lim SH, et al. (2006) Investigation on the variation of green, yellow and orange emission properties of ZnO thin films. Superlattices Microstruct 39: 193–201.    
  • 15. Nikitenko VA, Tarkpea KÉ, Tereshchenko AI, et al. (1989) Red luminescence in zinc oxide. J Appl Spectroscopy 51: 986–989.    
  • 16. Gerbstein YM, Zelikin YM (1969) About the origin of the centers of yellow-orange luminescence in zinc oxide (in Russian). Optika i Spectroskopiya 27: 515–518.
  • 17. Ohtomo A, Kawasaki M, Koida T, et al. (1998) MgxZn1−xO as a II–VI widegap semiconductor alloy. Appl Phys Lett 72: 2466–2468.    
  • 18. Markevich IV, Stara TR, Kuchuk AV, et al. (2014) Formation of MgZnO alloy under thermodynamic conditions. Physica B 453: 153–156.
  • 19. Kushnirenko VI, Markevich IV, Zashivailo TV (2012) Acceptors related to group I elements in ZnO ceramics. J Lumin 132: 1953–1956.    
  • 20. Dittmann R, Hahn D (1967) Zum lumineszenzmodell manganaktivierter titanate. Z Phys 207: 484–499.    
  • 21. Qui Z, Luo T, Zhang J, et al. (2015) Effectively enhancing blue excitation of red phosphor Mg2TiO4:Mn4+ by Bi3+ sentisization. J Lumin 158: 130–135.    
  • 22. Song CF, Qui T, Yuan HF, et al. (2010) Enhanced green emission in ZnO/zinc titanate composite materials. Mater Sci Eng B 175: 243–247.    
  • 23. Akilan T, Srinivasan N, Saravanan R (2015) Magnetic and optical properties of Ti doped ZnO prepared by solid state reaction method. Mater Sci Semicond Proc 30: 381–387.
  • 24. Wardle MG, Goss JP, Briddon PR (2005) Theory of Li in ZnO: a limitation for Li-based p-type doping. Phys Rev B 71: 155205.    
  • 25. Zhang Z, Knutsen KE, Merz T, et al. (2012) Thermal process dependence of Li configuration and electrical properties of Li-doped ZnO. Appl Phys Lett 100: 042107.    
  • 26. Meyer BK, Stehr J, Hofstaetter A, et al. (2007) On the role of group I elements in ZnO. Appl Phys A 88: 119–123.    
  • 27. Ohashi N, Ebisawa N, Sekiguchi T, et al. (2005) Yellowish-white luminescence in codoped zinc oxide. Appl Phys Lett 86: 091902.    
  • 28. Rauch C, Gehlhoff W, Wagner MR, et al. (2010) Lithium related deep and shallow acceptors in Li-doped ZnO nanocrystals. J Appl Phys 107: 024311.    
  • 29. Chand P, Gaura A, Kumar A, et al. (2014) Structural, morphological and optical study of Li doped ZnO thin films on Si (100) substrate deposited by pulsed laser deposition. Ceramics Int 40: 11915–11923.    
  • 30. Farid S, Mukherjee S, Sarkar K, et al. (2016) Enhanced optical properties due to indium incorporation in zinc oxide nanowires. Appl Phys Lett 108: 021106.    
  • 31. Blasse G, Grabmaier BC (1994) Luminescent Materials, Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 233.
  • 32. Hsu CL, Chang SJ (2014) Doped ZnO 1D nanostructures: synthesis, properties, and photodetector application. Small 10: 4562–4585.    
  • 33. Bachir S, Azuma K, Kossanyi J, et al. (1997) Photoluminescence of polycrystalline zinc oxide co-activated with trivalent rare earth ions and lithium. Insertion of rare-earth ions into zinc oxide. J Lumin 75: 35–49.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Sergey Yu. Sokovnin, Vladislav G. Il’ves, Vladimir R. Khrustov, Mikhail G. Zuev, Investigation of properties of ZnO ceramics sintered from ZnO-Zn nanopowders produced by pulsed electron beam evaporation, Ceramics International, 2017, 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.05.116
  • 2. Laid Hammiche, Ouidette Slimi, Djamel Djouadi, Azeddine Chelouche, Tahar Touam, Effect of supercritical organic solvent on structural and optical properties of cerium doped zinc oxide aerogel nanoparticles, Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 2017, 145, 448, 10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.08.029
  • 3. Ouidette Slimi, Djamel Djouadi, Laid Hammiche, Azeddine Chelouche, Tahar Touam, Structural and optical properties of Cu doped ZnO aerogels synthesized in supercritical ethanol, Journal of Porous Materials, 2017, 10.1007/s10934-017-0472-4
  • 4. L. P. Sosman, A. López, A. R. Camara, S. S. Pedro, I. C. S. Carvalho, N. Cella, Optical and Structural Properties of Zn2TiO4:Mn2+ , Journal of Electronic Materials, 2017, 10.1007/s11664-017-5742-z
  • 5. L.F. Koao, B.F. Dejene, F.G. Hone, H.C. Swart, S.V. Motloung, T.E. Motaung, V.B. Pawade, Effects of octadecylammine molar concentration on the structure, morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanostructure prepared by homogeneous precipitation method, Journal of Luminescence, 2018, 10.1016/j.jlumin.2018.04.024
  • 6. N. O. Korsunska, I. V. Markevich, T. R. Stara, L. V. Borkovska, S. Lavoric, L. Yu. Melnichuk, O. V. Melnichuk,  Correlation between Photoluminescent and Photoelectrical Properties of Mn-Doped ZnO, Ukrainian Journal of Physics, 2018, 63, 7, 660, 10.15407/ujpe63.7.660
  • 7. Larysa Khomenkova, Nadiia Korsunska, Christophe Labbé, Xavier Portier, Fabrice Gourbilleau, The peculiarities of structural and optical properties of HfO2-based films co-doped with silicon and erbium, Applied Surface Science, 2019, 471, 521, 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.11.251
  • 8. Sandra da Silva Pedro, Ada López, Lilian Pantoja Sosman, Zn2TiO4 photoluminescence enhanced by the addition of Cr3+, SN Applied Sciences, 2020, 2, 1, 10.1007/s42452-019-1858-5
  • 9. O. Melnichuk, L. Melnichuk, Ye. Venger, T. Torchynska, N. Korsunska, L. Khomenkova, Effect of plasmon–phonon interaction on the infrared reflection spectra of MgxZn1-xO/Al2O3 structures, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2020, 10.1007/s10854-020-03110-6
  • 10. O. V. Melnichuk, L. Yu. Melnichuk, N. O. Korsunska, L. Yu. Khomenkova, E. F. Venger, I. V. Venger, Phonon-Polariton Excitations in MgZnO/6H-SiC Structures, Ukrainian Journal of Physics, 2020, 65, 2, 162, 10.15407/ujpe65.2.162

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, Lyudmyla Borkovska, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved