Research article Special Issues

Directly catalytic upgrading bio-oil vapor produced by prairie cordgrass pyrolysis over Ni/HZSM-5 using a two stage reactor

  • Received: 26 March 2015 Accepted: 09 June 2015 Published: 12 June 2015
  • Catalytic cracking is one of the most promising processes for thermochemical conversion of biomass to advanced biofuels in recent years. However, current effectiveness of catalysts and conversion efficiency still remain challenges. An investigation of directly catalytic upgrading bio-oil vapors produced in prairie cordgrass (PCG) pyrolysis over Ni/HZSM-5 and HZSM-5 in a two stage packed-bed reactor was carried out. The Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst was synthesized using an impregnation method. Fresh and used catalysts were characterized by BET and XRD. The effects of catalysts on pyrolysis products yields and quality were examined. Both catalysts improved bio-oil product distribution compared to non-catalytic treatment. When PCG pyrolysis vapor was treated with absence of catalyst, the produced bio-oils contained higher alcohols (10.97%) and furans (10.14%). In contrast, the bio-oils contained the second highest hydrocarbons (34.97%)and the highest phenols (46.97%) when PCG pyrolysis vapor was treated with Ni/HZSM-5. Bio-oils containing less ketones and aldehydes were produced by both Ni/HZSM-5 and HZSM-5, but no ketones were found in Ni/HZSM-5 treatment compared to HZSM-5 (2.94%). The pyrolysis gas compositions were also affected by the presenting of HZSM-5 or Ni/HZSM-5 during the catalytic upgrading process. However, higher heating values and elemental compositions (C, H and N) of bio-chars produced in all treatments had no significant difference.

    Citation: Shouyun Cheng, Lin Wei, Xianhui Zhao, Yinbin Huang, Douglas Raynie, Changling Qiu, John Kiratu, Yong Yu. Directly catalytic upgrading bio-oil vapor produced by prairie cordgrass pyrolysis over Ni/HZSM-5 using a two stage reactor[J]. AIMS Energy, 2015, 3(2): 227-240. doi: 10.3934/energy.2015.2.227

    Related Papers:

  • Catalytic cracking is one of the most promising processes for thermochemical conversion of biomass to advanced biofuels in recent years. However, current effectiveness of catalysts and conversion efficiency still remain challenges. An investigation of directly catalytic upgrading bio-oil vapors produced in prairie cordgrass (PCG) pyrolysis over Ni/HZSM-5 and HZSM-5 in a two stage packed-bed reactor was carried out. The Ni/HZSM-5 catalyst was synthesized using an impregnation method. Fresh and used catalysts were characterized by BET and XRD. The effects of catalysts on pyrolysis products yields and quality were examined. Both catalysts improved bio-oil product distribution compared to non-catalytic treatment. When PCG pyrolysis vapor was treated with absence of catalyst, the produced bio-oils contained higher alcohols (10.97%) and furans (10.14%). In contrast, the bio-oils contained the second highest hydrocarbons (34.97%)and the highest phenols (46.97%) when PCG pyrolysis vapor was treated with Ni/HZSM-5. Bio-oils containing less ketones and aldehydes were produced by both Ni/HZSM-5 and HZSM-5, but no ketones were found in Ni/HZSM-5 treatment compared to HZSM-5 (2.94%). The pyrolysis gas compositions were also affected by the presenting of HZSM-5 or Ni/HZSM-5 during the catalytic upgrading process. However, higher heating values and elemental compositions (C, H and N) of bio-chars produced in all treatments had no significant difference.
    加载中
    [1] Goyal HB, Seal D, Saxena RC (2008) Bio-fuels from thermochemical conversion of renewable resources: a review. Renew Sust Energy Rev 12:504-517. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2006.07.014
    [2] Yue DJ, You FQ, Seth W (2014) Biomass-to-bioenergy and biofuel supply chain optimization: Overview, key issues and challenges. Computers Chem Eng 66: 36-56. doi: 10.1016/j.compchemeng.2013.11.016
    [3] Boe A, Owens V, Gonzalez-Hernandez J, et al. (2009) Morphology and biomass production of prairie grass on marginal lands. GCB Bioenergy 1: 240-250. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2009.01018.x
    [4] Zhang Q, Chang J, Wang T, et al. (2007) Review of biomass pyrolysis oil properties and upgrading research. Energy Convers Manage 48: 87-92. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2006.05.010
    [5] Wang L, Lei HW, John L, et al. (2013) Aromatic hydrocarbons production from packed-bed catalysis coupled with microwave pyrolysis of Douglas fir sawdust pellets. RSC Advances 3: 14609-14615. doi: 10.1039/c3ra23104f
    [6] Wang L, Lei HW, Bu Q, et al. (2014) Aromatic hydrocarbons production from ex situ catalysis of pyrolysis vapor over Zinc modified ZSM-5 in a packed-bed catalysis coupled with microwave pyrolysis reactor. Fuel 129: 78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2014.03.052
    [7] Biddy MJ, Dutta A, Jones SB, et al. (2013) Ex-situ catalytic fast pyrolysis technology pathway. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. Available from: http://www.pnl. gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/PNNL-22317.pdf.
    [8] Huang YB, Wei L, Julson J, et al. (2015) Converting pine sawdust to advanced biofuel over HZSM-5 using a two-stage catalytic pyrolysis reactor. J Anal Appl Pyrol 111: 148-155. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2014.11.019
    [9] Park HJ, Dong JI, Jeon JK, et al. (2007) Conversion of the pyrolytic vapor of radiata pine over zeolite. J Ind Eng Chem 13: 182-189.
    [10] Mullen CA, Boateng AA, Mihalcik DJ, et al. (2011) Catalytic fast pyrolysis of white oak wood in a bubbling fluidized bed. Energy Fuels 25: 5444-5451. doi: 10.1021/ef201286z
    [11] Adjaye JD, Bakhshi NN (1995) Production of hydrocarbons by catalytic upgrading of a fast pyrolysis bio-oil. Part I: Conversion over various catalysts. Fuel Process Technol 45:161-183.
    [12] Stefanidis SD, Kalogiannis KG, Iliopoulou EF, et al. (2011) In-situ upgrading of biomass pyrolysis vapors: catalyst screening on a fixed bed reactor. Bioresource Technol 102: 8261-8267. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.06.032
    [13] Lu Q, Zhu X, Li W, et al. (2009) On-line catalytic upgrading of biomass fast pyrolysis products. Chinese Science Bulletin 54: 1941-1948. doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0273-5
    [14] Zhao Y, Deng L, Liao B, et al. (2010) Aromatics production via catalytic pyrolysis of pyrolytic lignins from bio-oil. Energy Fuels 24: 5735-5740. doi: 10.1021/ef100896q
    [15] Adjaye JD, Sharma RK, Bakhshi NN. (1992) Catalytic conversion of wood derived bio-oil to fuels and chemicals. Stud Surf Sci Catal 73: 301-308. doi: 10.1016/S0167-2991(08)60828-9
    [16] Lu Q, Zhang ZF, Dong CQ. (2010) Catalytic Upgrading of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Vapors with Nano Metal Oxides: An Analytical Py-GC/MS Study. Energies 3:1805-1820. doi: 10.3390/en3111805
    [17] Fanchiang W L, Lin YC.(2012) Catalytic fast pyrolysis of furfural over H-ZSM-5 and Zn/H-ZSM-5 catalysts. Appl Catalysis A: General 419:102-110.
    [18] Campanella A, Harold MP. (2012) Fast pyrolysis of microalgae in a falling solids reactor: Effects of process variables and zeolite catalysts. Biomass Bioenergy 46:218-232. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.08.023
    [19] Neumann G, Hicks J. (2012) Effects of cerium and aluminum in cerium-containing hierarchical HZSM-5 catalysts for biomass upgrading. Top Catal 55:196-208. doi: 10.1007/s11244-012-9788-0
    [20] Thangalazhy-Gopakumar S, Adhikari S, Gupta RB. (2012) Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass over H+ ZSM-5 under hydrogen pressure. Energy Fuels 26: 5300-5306. doi: 10.1021/ef3008213
    [21] Hong C, Gong F, Fan M, et al. (2013) Selective production of green light olefins by catalytic conversion of bio-oil with Mg/HZSM-5 catalyst. J Chem Technol Biot 88:109-118. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3861
    [22] Yang Y, Sun C, Du J, et al. (2012) The synthesis of endurable B-Al-ZSM-5 catalysts with tunable acidity for methanol to propylene reaction. Catalysis Communications 24: 44-47. doi: 10.1016/j.catcom.2012.03.013
    [23] Rhee HK, Nam IS, Park JM, (2006) New Developments and Application in Chemical Reaction Engineering: Proceedings of the 4th Asia-Pacific Chemical Reaction Engineering Symposium (APCRE'05), Gyeongju, Korea, 2005 (Vol. 159).
    [24] Valle B, Gayubo AG, Aguayo AT, et al. (2010) Selective production of aromatics by crude bio-oil valorization with a nickel-modified HZSM-5 zeolite catalyst. Energy Fuels 24: 2060-2070. doi: 10.1021/ef901231j
    [25] Mani T, Murugan P, Abedi J, et al. (2010). Pyrolysis of wheat straw in a thermogravimetric analyzer: effect of particle size and heating rate on devolatilization and estimation of global kinetics. Chem Eng Res Design 88: 952-958. doi: 10.1016/j.cherd.2010.02.008
    [26] Kong X, Liu J. (2014). Influence of Alumina Binder Content on Catalytic Performance of Ni/HZSM-5 for Hydrodeoxygenation of Cyclohexanone. PloS one, 9: e101744.
    [27] Lin X, Fan Y, Shi G. (2007). Coking and deactivation behavior of HZSM-5 zeolite-based FCC gasoline hydro-upgrading catalyst. Energy Fuels, 21: 2517-2524. doi: 10.1021/ef0700634
    [28] Shun T, Zhang Z, Sun JP, et al. (2013) Recent progress of catalytic pyrolysis of biomass by HZSM-5. Chinese J Catalysis 34: 641-650. doi: 10.1016/S1872-2067(12)60531-2
    [29] Bertero M, Puente G, Sedran U. (2012) Fuels from bio-oils: Bio-oil production from different residual sources, characterization and thermal conditioning. Fuel 95: 263-271. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.08.041
    [30] Mortensen PM, Grunwaldt JD, Jensen PA, et al. (2011) A review of catalytic upgrading of bio-oil to engine fuels. Appl Catalysis A: General 07: 1-19.
    [31] Iliopoulou EF, Stefanidis SD, Kalogiannis KG, et al. (2012) Catalytic upgrading of biomass pyrolysis vapors using transition metal-modified ZSM-5 zeolite. Appl Catalysis B: Environ 127: 281-290. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.08.030
    [32] Valle B, Gayubo AG, Alonso A, et al. (2010) Hydrothermally stable HZSM-5 zeolite catalysts for the transformation of crude bio-oil into hydrocarbons. Appl Catalysis B: Environ 100: 318-327. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.08.008
    [33] Atutxa A, Aguado R, Gayubo AG, et al. (2005) Kinetic description of the catalytic pyrolysis of biomass in a conical spouted bed reactor. Energy Fuels 19: 765-774. doi: 10.1021/ef040070h
    [34] Mohan D, Pittman CU, Steele PH. (2006) Pyrolysis of wood/biomass for bio-oil: A critical review. Energy Fuels 20: 848-889. doi: 10.1021/ef0502397
    [35] Ertaş M, Alma MH (2010) Pyrolysis of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) extraction residues in a fixed-bed reactor: Characterization of bio-oil and bio-char. J Anal Appl Pyrol 88: 22-29.
    [36] Verma M, Godbout S, Brar SK, et al. (2012) Biofuels Production from Biomass by Thermochemical Conversion Technologies. Int J Chem Eng 2012:1-18.

    © 2015 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
  • Reader Comments
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(3163) PDF downloads(1257) Cited by(23)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(8)  /  Tables(3)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog