Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

The urgent call for land degradation vulnerability assessment for conserving land quality in the purview of climate change: Perspective from South Indian Coast

Centre for Climate Change and Adaptation Research, Anna University, Chennai-600025, India

Special Editions: Land Management Practices for Soil Conservation in Climate Change Scenarios

Generating an extensive knowledge base on land degradation risk in different locations of the world is essential for developing effective mitigation and adaptation strategies. A changing climate will affect the land, soil and water resources in many ways. In this context, this study aimed to understand the possibility of present and future land degradation in the study area in the purview of global warming through the analyzing aridity index (AI), sea level rise trends and soil analysis. The study area is a semi-arid coastal region characterized by tropical climate. AI analysis shows possible drying trends for the end century period as the simulated AI values decline in the ranges of −3.25 to −7.5 mm/°C. The soil analysis revealed that the mean soil organic carbon (SOC) content in the study area is 0.43% which is far below the world standards and sea levels may likely be raised under climate change in this area. This study also showcases a frame work for assessing land degradation vulnerability in the context of climate change. Conducting land degradation vulnerability assessment is a highly essential prior to any flagship activities on sustainable land management.
  Article Metrics

Keywords land degradation; aridity; vulnerability index; soil degradation

Citation: Dhanya Praveen, Ramachandran Andimuthu, K. Palanivelu. The urgent call for land degradation vulnerability assessment for conserving land quality in the purview of climate change: Perspective from South Indian Coast. AIMS Agriculture and Food, 2016, 1(3): 330-341. doi: 10.3934/agrfood.2016.3.330


  • 1. Eswaran H, Lal R, Reich PF (2001) Land degradation: an overview. In: Bridges EM, Hannam ID, Oldeman LR, Penning De Vries FWT, Scherr JS, and Sombatpanit S, Eds. Response to Land Degradation, Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USA. 20-35.
  • 2. Girmay G, Singh BR, Mitiku H, et al. (2008) Carbon stocks in Ethiopian soils in relation to land use and soil management. Land Degrad Dev 19: 351-367.    
  • 3. Singh NP, Bantilan MCS (2009) Climate Change Resilience in Agriculture: Vulnerability and Adaptation Concerns of Semi-Arid Tropics in Asia. In: Proceedings of the Indo-US workshop on Emerging issues in water management for sustainable agriculture in South Asia region, 10-12 Dec 2009, CSWCRTI, Ooty, Udagmandalam.
  • 4. Füssel HM (2007) Vulnerability: A Generally Applicable Conceptual framework for Climate Change Research. Glob Environ Chang 17: 155-167.    
  • 5. Füssel HM, Klein RJT (2006) Climate change vulnerability assessments: An evolution of conceptual thinking. Clim Chang 75: 301-329.    
  • 6. TERI, The Energy and Resources Institute. Adaptation to Climate Change in the Context of Sustainable Development. Background paper, New Delhi, India. 2005. Available from: http://www.teriin.org/events/docs/adapt.pdf
  • 7. Mbow C, Mertz O, Diouf A, et al. (2008) The history of environmental change and adaptation in eastern Saloum – Senegal. Driving forces and perceptions. Glob Planet Chang 64: 210-221.    
  • 8. Muchena FN, Onduru DD, Gachini GN, et al. (2005) Turning the tides of soil degradation in Africa: capturing the reality and exploring opportunities. Land Use Policy 22: 23-31.    
  • 9. Dlamini P, Chivenge P, Manson A, et al. (2014) Land degradation impact on soil organic carbon and nitrogen stocks of sub-tropical humid grasslands in South Africa. Geoderma 235-236: 372-381.    
  • 10. Ramos MC, Martínez-Casasnovas JA (2009) Impacts of annual precipitation extremes on soil and nutrient losses in vineyards of NE Spain. Hydrol Process 23: 224-235.    
  • 11. Muller-Nedebock D, Chaplot V (2015) Soil carbon losses by sheet erosion: a potentially critical contribution to the global carbon cycle. Earth Surf Process Landf 40: 1803-1815.    
  • 12. Dlamini P, Chivengea P, Chaplot V (2016) Overgrazing decreases soil organic carbon stocks the most under dry climates and low soil pH: A meta-analysis shows. Agric Ecosyst Environ 221: 258-269.    
  • 13. Croitoru AE, Piticar A, Dragotǎ CS, et al. (2013) Recent changes in reference evapotranspiration in Romania. Glob Planet Chang 111: 127-137.    
  • 14. Alexander J, Mahalingam B (2011) Sustainable tank irrigation: An irrigation water quality perspective. Indian J Sci Technol 4: 22-26.
  • 15. Chaturvedi RK, Joshi J, Jayaraman M, et al. (2012) Multi model climate change projections for India under representative concentration pathways. Curr Sci 103: 1-12.
  • 16. UNCCD. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa. 1994. Available from:http://www.unccd.int/Lists/SiteDocumentLibrary/conventionText/conv-eng.pdf
  • 17. Prǎvǎlie R (2013) Climate Issues on Aridity Trends of Southern Oltenia in the last five Decades. Geogr Tech 1: 70-79.
  • 18. UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (1997) World atlas of desertification, 2ED. UNEP, London.
  • 19. Hrnjak I, Lukić T, Gavrilov MB, et al. (2013) Aridity in Vojvodina, Serbia. Theor Appl Climatol 115: 323-332.
  • 20 Paltineanu CR, Tanasescu N, Chitu E, et al. (2007) Relationships between the De Martonne aridity index and water requirements of some representative crops: A case study from Romania. Int J Agrophys 21: 81-93.
  • 21. FAO. Challenges and opportunities for carbon sequestration in grassland systems. 2010. Available from: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/agphome/documents/climate/AGPC_grassland_webversion_19.pdf
  • 22. Reuter M, Kern AK, Harzhauser M, et al. (2012) Global warming and south Indian monsoon rainfall e lessons from the mid-miocene. Gondwana Res 23: 1172-1177.
  • 23. Loo YY, Billa L, Singh A (2015) Effect of climate change on seasonal monsoon in Asia and its impact on the variability of monsoon rainfall in Southeast Asia. Geosci Front 6: 817-823.    
  • 24. Turner AG, Annamalai H (2012) Climate Change and the South Asian Monsoon. Nat Clim Chang 2: 587-595.    
  • 25. Turner WR, Oppenheimer M, Wilcove DS (2009) A force to fight global warming. Nature 462: 278-279.    
  • 26. Anthoff D, Nicholls RJ, Tol RSJ, et al. (2006) Global and regional exposure to large rises in sea-level: a sensitivity analysis. Tyndell Centre for Climate Change Research working papers, 96.
  • 27. Senthilkumar S, Balasubramanian N, Gowtham B, et al. (2014) Geochemical signatures of groundwater in the coastal aquifers of Thiruvallur district, south India. Appl Water Sci 2014: 1-12.
  • 28. NOAA. Mean Sea Level Trends. 2016. Available from: https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/sltrends_global_station.htm?stnid=190-091
  • 29. Turner BL, Kasperson RE, Matson PA, et al. (2003) A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100: 8074-8079.    
  • 30. Turner WR, Brandon K, Brooks TM, et al. (2007) Global conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. BioScience 57: 868-873.    
  • 31. IPCC. Emergent Risks and Key Vulnerabilities. 2012. Available from: http://ipcc-wg2.gov/AR5/images/uploads/WGIIAR5-Chap19_FINAL.pdf
  • 32. Ramos MC, Martínez-Casasnovas JA (2009) Impacts of annual precipitation extremes on soil and nutrient losses in vineyards of NE Spain. Hydrol Process 23: 224-235.    
  • 33. Segura C, Sun G, McNulty S, et al. (2014) Potential impacts of climate change on soil erosion vulnerability across the conterminous United States. J Soil Water Conserv 69: 171-181.    
  • 34. Ramachandran A, Praveen D, Radhapriya P, et al. (2016) Vulnerability and adaptation assessment a way forward for sustainable sectoral development in the purview of climate variability and change: Insights from the coast of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Glob Warm in press.
  • 35. Ramachandran A, Radhapriya P, Jayakumar S, et al. (2016) Critical Analysis of Forest Degradation in the Southern Eastern Ghats of India: Comparison of Satellite Imagery and Soil Quality Index. PLoS One 11: e0147541.    


Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, Dhanya Praveen, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved