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Soliton-like excitation in a nonlinear model of DNA dynamics with viscosity

1. Laboratory of Mechanics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, P. O. Box 812, Yaounde
2. Condensed Matter Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala


The study of solitary wave solutions is of prime significance for nonlinear physical systems. The Peyrard-Bishop model for DNA dynamics is generalized specifically to include the difference among bases pairs and vis- cosity. The small amplitude dynamics of the model is studied analytically and reduced to a discrete complex Ginzburg-Landau (DCGL) equation. Ex- act solutions of the obtained wave equation are obtained by the mean of the extended Jacobian elliptic function approach. These amplitude solutions are made of bubble solitons. The propagation of a soliton-like excitation in a DNA is then investigated through numerical integration of the motion equations. We show that discreteness can drastically change the soliton shape. The impact of viscosity as well as elasticity on DNA dynamic is also presented. The profile of solitary wave structures as well as the energy which is initially evenly distributed over the lattice are displayed for some fixed parameters.
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Keywords bubble soliton; DNA dynamics; density energy.; discrete complex Ginzburg-Landau equation; Jacobian elliptic functions

Citation: Conrad Bertrand Tabi, Alidou Mohamadou, Timoleon Crepin Kofane. Soliton-like excitation in a nonlinear model of DNA dynamics with viscosity. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2008, 5(1): 205-216. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2008.5.205


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