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Nano-enabled medical devices based on biosensing principles: technology basis and new concepts

1 Laboratory of Simulation of Industrial Processes, Department of Industrial Management and Technology, School of Maritime and Industry, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece
2 Laboratory of Inorganic & Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemical Sciences, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece
3 Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Topical Section: Nanomaterials, nanoscience and nanotechnology

Research and development in the biosensors for medical applications remain a focused area benefiting industry, society and knowledge production alike. The framework established is conducive to innovation and rapid assimilation of technological change. At the advent of nanotechnology, the various biosensor classes have been benefited in different ways, scales and rates. This paper studies the nanotechnology-driven shifting of the biosensor innovation system towards new concepts and the broadening, in depth and extent, of its science base. The scientific domain of (nano)biosensors has been studied using a roadmapping framework, especially developed to handle the dynamics and scopes of academic research. The results indicate that the sector seized the opportunities that nanotools offered to solve technology problems and revisit old concepts for optimizing the traditional platforms. Yet, the ability to control nanoeffects fuels a new transition towards bioelectronic integration that sets entirely new horizons for future trajectories.
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Keywords biosensors; analytical development; nanomaterials; device engineering; sensor architecture

Citation: Christina G. Siontorou, Vasileios Th. Keramidas, Georgia-Paraskevi D. Nikoleli, Dimitrios P. Nikolelis, Stephanos Karapetis, Spyridoula Bratakou, Nikolaos Tzamtzis. Nano-enabled medical devices based on biosensing principles: technology basis and new concepts. AIMS Materials Science, 2017, 4(1): 250-266. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2017.1.250


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