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Composite anodes for lithium-ion batteries: status and trends

1 Sorbonne Universités, Univ. UPMC, Paris-6, Institut de Minéralogie et Physique de la Matière Condensée (IMPMC), 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France
2 Northeast Normal University, National & Local United Engineering, Laboratory for Power Batteries, 5268 Renmin Str., Changchun, P.R. China
3 Sorbonne Universités, Univ. UPMC, Paris-6, Physico-Chimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (PHENIX), UMR 8234, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France

Topical Section: Advanced composites

Presently, the negative electrodes of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is constituted by carbon-based materials that exhibit a limited specific capacity 372 mAh g−1 associated with the cycle between C and LiC6. Therefore, many efforts are currently made towards the technological development nanostructured materials in which the electrochemical processes occurs as intercalation, alloying or conversion reactions with a good accommodation of dilatation/contraction during cycling. In this review, attention is focused on advanced anode composite materials based on carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, titanium and conversion anode composite based on transition-metal oxides.
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