Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Øysand research site: Geotechnical characterisation of deltaic sandy-silty soils

1 Offshore Geotechnics, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Sognsveien 72, N-0855 Oslo, Norway
2 Geotechnics and Natural Hazards Trondheim, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Høgskoleringen 9, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway
3 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, Skempton Building, South Kensington Campus, SW7 2AZ, London, UK

Special Issues: Characterization and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils used for geotesting

This paper describes the geology and geotechnical engineering properties of the fluvial and deltaic gravelly-sandy-silty sediments at Øysand, Norway. Geophysical and geotechnical site investigations carried out between 2016 and 2018 at the site are presented. Field testing included state-of-the-practice and state-of-the-art soil characterisation techniques such as total sounding, seismic cone penetration testing, seismic flat dilatometer, multichannel analysis of surface waves, electrical resistivity tomography, ground penetrating radar, piezometers, thermistors strings, slug tests, and permeability tests using a newly developed CPT permeability probe from NGI. Several sampling techniques were used at the site to assess sample quality. Laboratory testing consisted of index tests and advanced triaxial tests with bender elements to estimate shear strength and stiffness. Data interpretation, engineering soil properties and state variables derived from this analysis are presented, along with comments on data quality. Engineering problems investigated at Øysand so far and discussed in this paper are related to: the impact of using different CPTU types, sample quality assessment by obtaining soils with state-of-the-practice and state-of-the-art techniques (such as gel-push sampler and ground freezing), and frost heave susceptibility.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords gravelly sand; silt; in situ testing; sampling; laboratory testing; site characterization; permeability

Citation: Santiago Quinteros, Aleksander Gundersen, Jean-Sebastien LHeureux, J. Antonio H. Carraro, Richard Jardine. Øysand research site: Geotechnical characterisation of deltaic sandy-silty soils. AIMS Geosciences, 2019, 5(4): 750-783. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2019.4.750

References

  • 1. L'Heureux JS, Lunne T, Lacasse S, et al. (2017) Norway's National GeoTest Site Research Infrastructure (NGTS). In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Seoul.
  • 2. Blaker Ø, Carroll R, Paniagua P, et al. (2019) Halden research site: geotechnical characterization of a post glacial silt. AIMS Geosci 5: 184-234.    
  • 3. Gundersen AS, Hansen RC, Lunne T, et al. (2019) Characterization and engineering properties of the NGTS Onsøy soft clay site. AIMS Geosci 5: 665-703.    
  • 4. L'Heureux JS, Lindgård A, Emdal A (2019) The Tiller-Flotten research site: Geotechnical characterization of a very sensitive clay deposit. AIMS Geosci 5 [In press].
  • 5. Gilbert GL, Instanes A, Sinitsyn AO, et al. (2019) Characterization of the NGTS permafrost sites: Longyearbyen, Svalbard. AIMS Geosci 5 [In press].
  • 6. Salgado R (2008) The engineering of foundations. McGraw-Hill New York.
  • 7. Gundersen AS, Carotenuto P, Lunne T, et al. (2019) Measurements of hydraulic soil properties at NGTS sand site using a newly-developed in-situ tool. AIMS Geosci 5 [In press].
  • 8. Reite AJ (1994) Weischelian and Holocene geology of Sør-Trøndelag and adjacent parts of Nord-Trøndelag county, Central Norway. Norges Geol undersøkelse-Bulletin, 1-30.
  • 9. Reite AJ, Sveian H, Erichsen E (1999) Trondheim fra istid til nåtid-landskapshistorie og løsmasser. Norges Geol undersøkelse Gråsteinen 5: 40.
  • 10. Wolff FC (1979) Beskrivelse til de berggrunnsgeologiske kart Trond-heim og Østersund 1:250,000. Norges Geol undersøkelse 353: 76.
  • 11. Gundersen AS, Quinteros S, L'Heureux JS, et al. (2018) Soil classification of NGTS sand site (Øysand, Norway) based on CPTU, DMT and laboratory results. In 4th International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing. CPT18, 323-328.
  • 12. Cosentini RM, Della VecchiaA G, Foti S, et al. (2012) Estimation of the hydraulic parameters of unsaturated samples by electrical resistivity tomography. Géotechnique 62: 583-594.
  • 13. Lunne T, Robertson PK, Powell JJM (1997) Cone Penetration Testing in Geotechnical Practice. New York.
  • 14. ASTM (2017) D2487-17 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System).
  • 15. Powers MC (1953) A new roundness scale for sedimentary particles. J Sediment Petrol 23: 117-119.
  • 16. NS 8012 (1982) Geoteknisk prøving. Laboratoriemetoder. Korndensitet. Standard Norge, Lysaker.
  • 17. Lunne T, Knudsen S, Blaker Ø, et al. (2019) Methods used to determine maximum and minimum dry unit weight of sand. Is there a need for a new standard? Can Geotech J 56: 536-553.
  • 18. Jamiolkowski M, Lo Presti DCF, Manassero M (2003) Evaluation of relative density and shear strength of sands from CPT and DMT. In Germaine JT, Sheahan TC, Whitman RV (eds), Soil behavior and soft ground construction, ASCE GSP, 201-238.
  • 19. NGF (2018) Guidelines for performing total sounding tests (In Norwegian: Veiledning for utførelse av totalsondering). Norwegian Geotechnical Society, Norway.
  • 20. ISO 22476-1 (2012) Geotechnical investigation and testing-Field testing-Part 1: Electrical cone and piezocone penetration test.
  • 21. ISO 22476-11 (2017) Geotechnical investigation and testing-Field testing-Part 11: Flat dilatometer test
  • 22. Marchetti S (1980) In situ tests by flat dilatometer. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 106: 299-321.
  • 23. Kuwano R, Jardine RJ (2002) On the applicability of cross-anisotropic elasticity to granular materials at very small strains. Géotechnique 52: 727-750.
  • 24. Jardine RJ (2013) Advanced laboratory testing in research and practice. 2nd Bishop Lecture. Proc. ICSMGE. Presses des Ponts, Paris, 1: 35-55.
  • 25. Demir Z, Narasimhan TN (1994) Improved Interpretation of Hvorslev Tests. J Hydraul Eng 120: 477-494.    
  • 26. Hazen A (1911) Discussion of Dams on sand foundations. Trans Am Soc Civ Eng 73: 199-203.
  • 27. Robertson PK, Cabal KL (2015) Guide to Cone Penetration Testing for Geotechnical Engineering, 6th Editio. Gregg Drilling & Testing Inc., California.
  • 28. Mayne PW (2009) Geoengineering Design Using the Cone Penetration Test. ConeTec Inc., Richmond, BC, Canada.
  • 29. Schmertmann JH (1983) Revised procedure for calculating Ko and OCR from DMT's with Id > 1.2 and which incorporates the penetration force measurement to permit calculating the plane strain friction angle. In Proc. of the 1st Int. Conf. on the Flat Dilatometer. Gainesville, FL.
  • 30. Marchetti S (1985) On the field determination of Ko in sand. In 11th Int. Conf. on Soil Mech. and Found. Eng. Panel Presentation, Balkema Pub., Rotterdam, 5: 2667-2672.
  • 31. Mayne P, Coop MR, Springman S, et al. (2009) Geomaterial behavior and testing. In Proc. 17th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Alexandria, Egypt, 4: 1-96.
  • 32. Monaco P, Amoroso S, Marchetti S, et al. (2014) Overconsolidation and Stiffness of Venice Lagoon Sands and Silts from SDMT and CPTU. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 140: 215-227.    
  • 33. Marchetti S, Monaco P, Totani G, et al. (2001) The Flat Dilatometer Test (DMT) in Soil Investigations. International Conference on Insitu Measurement of Soil Properties and Case Histories (Insitu 2001). Parahyangan Catholic University, 95-131.
  • 34. Jaky J (1944) The coefficient of earth pressure at rest. In Hungarian (A nyugalmi nyomas tenyezoje). J Soc Hung Eng Arch (MagyarMernok es Epit Kozlonye), 355-358.
  • 35. Jaky J (1948) Pressure in silos. In: Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. on SoilMechanics and Foundation Engineering. Rotterdam, The Netherland, 1: 103-110.
  • 36. Mayne P, Kulhawy FH (1982) Ko-OCR relationships in soil. J Soil Mecha Found Div 108: 851-872.
  • 37. Lee J, Park D, Kyung D, et al. (2003) Effect of particle characteristics on Ko behaviour of granular materials. In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, 337-380.
  • 38. Baldi G (1986) Interpretation of CPTs and CPTUs, 2nd part: drained penetration of sands. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Geotechnical Seminar. Singapore, 143-156.
  • 39. Mayne PW (2014) KN2: Interpretation of geotechnical parameters from seismic piezocone tests. In: Robertson PK, Cabal KL (eds), Proceedings, 3rd International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing (CPT'14, Las Vegas), ISSMGE Technical Committee TC 102, 47-73.
  • 40. Marchetti S (1997) The Flat Dilatometer: Design Applications. In Third Geotechnical Engineering Conference Cairo University. Cairo, 421-448.
  • 41. Uzielli M, Mayne PW, Cassidy M, et al. (2013) Probabilistic assignment of design strength for sands from in-situ testing data. In Advances in Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical Engineering (series), IOS-Millpress, Amsterdam, 1: 214-227.
  • 42. NGI (2018) Impact of cone penetrometer type on CPTU results at 4 NGTS Sites. Silt, Soft Clay, Sand, and Quick Clay. Report No. 20160154-21-R. Oslo, Norway.
  • 43. Jin HW, Lee J, Ryu BH, et al. (2019) Simple frost heave testing method using a temperature-controllable cell. Cold Reg Sci Technol 157: 119-132.    

 

This article has been cited by

  • 1. Jean-Sébastien L'Heureux, Anders Lindgård, Arnfinn Emdal, The Tiller-Flotten research site: Geotechnical characterization of a very sensitive clay deposit, AIMS Geosciences, 2019, 5, 4, 831, 10.3934/geosci.2019.4.831
  • 2. Jean-Sebastien L’Heureux, Tom Lunne, Characterization and Engineering properties of Natural Soils used for Geotesting, AIMS Geosciences, 2020, 6, 1, 35, 10.3934/geosci.2020004
  • 3. Zhongqiang Liu, Åse Marit Wist Amdal, Jean-Sébastien L'Heureux, Suzanne Lacasse, Farrokh Nadim, Xin Xie, Spatial variability of medium dense sand deposit, AIMS Geosciences, 2020, 6, 1, 6, 10.3934/geosci.2020002

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved