AIMS Energy, 2020, 8(5): 835-858. doi: 10.3934/energy.2020.5.835

Research article

Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Comparative study between the simulation and experimental results of H2 production from water vapour plasmolysis

1 Gifu University, Environmental and Renewable Energy Systems Division, Graduate School of Engineering, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan
2 Biorefinery Engineering and Microfluidics (BEAM) Research Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Pakistan

In the present study, the kinetics of hydrogen production from water vapour using dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma in a cylindrical reactor were analyzed. The simulation analysis was carried out for both models with and without the dissociative attachment reaction to predict and compare the concentration of produced hydrogen gas from water vapour. The effect of water vapour input temperature ranges of 523–623 K and plasma voltage in the range of 12–14 kV were investigated. It was revealed that the hydrogen concentration increased with the input water vapour temperature and plasma voltage increased in both the simulation models. It was seen that the H2 concentration results of the simulation model with the dissociative attachment reaction (H-) were nearly same as the H2 concentrations of the water vapour plasmolysis experimental results. Moreover, it can be concluded that the dissociative attachment reaction was controlled the H2 generation from water vapour plasmolysis. It was remarkable that the conversion rates of the simulation model included the dissociative attachment reaction has more acceptable results to the experimental data compared to the simulation model deselecting the dissociative attachment reaction (H-). Also, it was seen as the main reason for the difference between simulation and experimental results.
  Article Metrics


1. Gupta NM (2016) Factors affecting the efficiency of a water splitting photo catalyst: A perspective. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 71: 585-601.

2. Dubey PK, Tripathi P, Tiwari RS, et al. (2014) Synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-TiO2 nanoparticle composite systems and its application in hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy 39: 16282-16292.    

3. Dincer I (2002) Technical, environmental and exergetic aspects of hydrogen energy systems. Int J Hydrogen Energy 27: 265-285.    

4. Dincer I (2012) Green methods for hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy 37: 1954-71.    

5. Barreto L, Makihira A, Riahi K (2003) The hydrogen economy in the 21st century: A sustainable development scenario. Int J Hydrogen Energy 28: 267-284.    

6. Midilli A, Dincer I (2007) Key strategies of hydrogen energy systems for sustainability. Int J Hydrogen Energy 32: 511-524.    

7. Abe JO, Popoola IPA, Ajenifuja E, et al. (2019) Hydrogen energy, economy and storage: Review and recommendation. Int J Hydrogen Energy 44: 15072-86.    

8. Hoffman P (2019) The Forever Fuel, The Story of Hydrogen, 1st edition, Taylor & Francis group, eBook.

9. Holladay DJ, Hu J, King LD, et al. (2009) An overview of hydrogen production technologies. Catal Today 139: 244-260.    

10. El-Shafie M, Kambara S, Hayakawa Y (2019) Hydrogen production technologies overview. J Power Energy Eng 7: 107-154.    

11. Simpson AP, Lutz AE (2007) Exergy analysis of hydrogen production via steam methane reforming. Int J Hydrogen Energy 32: 4811-20.    

12. Stefanidis GD, Vlachos DG (2010) Intensification of steam reforming of natural gas: choosing combustible fuel and reforming catalyst. Chem Eng Sci 65: 398-404.    

13. Šingliar M (2007) Solar energy using for hydrogen production. Pet Coal 49: 40-47.

14. Guoxin H, Hao H, Yanhong L (2009) Hydrogen-rich gas production from pyrolysis of biomass in an auto generated steam atmosphere. Energy Fuels 23: 1748-53.    

15. Bockris JOM, Dandapani B, Cocke D, et al. (1985) On the splitting of water. Int J Hydrogen Energy 10: 179-201.    

16. El-Shafie M, Kambara S, Hayakawa Y, et al. (2019) Preliminary results of hydrogen production fromwater vapor decomposition using DBD plasma in a PMCR reactor. Int J Hydrogen Energy 44: 20239-48.    

17. Givotov V, Fridman A, Krotov M, et al. (1981) Plasmochemical methods of hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy 6: 441-9.

18. Fridman AA (2008) Plasma chemistry. Cambridge University Press.

19. Maehara T, Toyota H, Kuramoto M, et al. (2006) Radio frequency plasma in water. Jpn J Appl Phys 45: 8864-8.    

20. Nguyen SVT, Foster JE, Gallimore AD (2009) Operating a radiofrequency plasma source on water vapor. Rev Sci Instrum 80:083503.    

21. Burlica R, Shih KY, Locke B (2010) Formation of H2 and H2O2 in a water-spray gliding arc non thermal plasma reactor. Ind Eng Chem Res.

22. Mutaf-Yardimci O, Saveliev A, Fridman A, et al. (1998) Employing plasma as catalyst in hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen Energy 23: 1109-11.    

23. Xi Zhen L, Liu CJ, Eliasson B (2003) Hydrogen production from methanol using corona discharges. Chin Chem Lett 14: 631-3.

24. Sarmiento B, Brey JJ, Viera IG, et al. (2007) Hydrogen production by reforming of hydrocarbons and alcohols in a dielectric barrier discharge. J Power Sources 169: 140-3.    

25. Rico VJ, Cotrino J, Gallardo V, et al. (2009) Hybrid catalytic-DBD plasma reactor for the production of hydrogen and preferential CO-oxidation (CO-PROX) at reduced temperatures. Chem Commun 41: 6192-4.

26. Wang W, Zhu C, Cao Y (2010) DFT study on pathways of steam reforming of ethanol under cold plasma conditions for hydrogen generation. Int J Hydrogen Energy 35: 1951-6.    

27. Yan Z, Chen L, Wang H (2008) Hydrogen generation by glow discharge plasma electrolysis of ethanol solutions. J Phys D: Appl Phys 41: 155205.    

28. Rehman F, Lozano-Parada JH, Zimmerman WB (2012) A kinetic model for H2 production by plasmolysis of water vapours at atmospheric pressure in a dielectric barrier discharge micro channel reactor. Int J Hydrogen Energy 37: 17678-90.    

29. Jasinski M, Dors M, Mizeraczyk J (2008) Production of hydrogen via methane reforming using atmospheric pressure microwave plasma. J Power Sour 181: 41-5.    

30. Sobacchi M, Saveliev A, Fridman A, et al. (2002) Experimental assessment of a combined plasma/catalytic system for hydrogen production via partial oxidation of hydrocarbon fuels. Int J Hydrogen Energy 27: 635-42.    

31. Avtaeva S, General A, Kel'man V (2010) Kinetic model for low density non-stationary gas discharge in water vapour. J Phys D: Appl Phys 43: 315201.    

32. Dolan T (1993) Electron and ion collisions with water vapour. J Phys D: Appl Phys 26: 4.    

33. Medodovic S, Locke B (2009) Primary chemical reactions in pulsed electrical discharge channels in water. J Phys D: Appl Phys 42: 049801.    

34. Lukes P, Clupek M, Babicky V, et al. (2008) Role of solution conductivity in the electron impact dissociation of H2O induced by plasma processes in the pulsed corona discharge in water. HAKONE XI, 11th international symposium on high pressure, low temperature plasma chemistry, contributed papers, Olexron Island.

35. Shirafuji T, Morita T, Sakai O, et al. (2009) Enhancement of OH production rate in plasma on water by mixing Ar. Proceedings of the international symposium on plasma on plasma chemistry, Bochum, Germany.

36. Locke B, Sato M, Sunka P, et al. (2006) Electrohydraulic discharge and nonthermal plasma for water treatment. Ind Eng Chem Res 45: 882-905.    

37. Zimmerman WBJ (2006) Multiphysics modeling with finite element methods, series on stability, vibration and control of systems, series A. London: World Scientific Publishing Company.

38. Lozano-Parada JH, Zimmerman WB (2010) The role of kinetics in the design of plasma microreactors. Chem Eng Sci 65: 4925-30.    

39. Zhang Y, Wen XH, Yang WH (2007) Excitation temperatures of atmospheric argon in dielectric barrier discharges. Plasma Sources Sci Technol 16: 441.    

40. Nehra V, Kumar A, Dwivedi H (2008) Atmospheric non-thermal plasma sources. Int J Eng 2: 53.

41. Abdul-Majeed WS, Parada JHL, Zimmerman WB (2011) Optimization of a miniaturized DBD plasma chip for mercury detection in water samples. Anal Bioanal Chem 401: 2713-22.    

42. Zito JC, Arnold DP, Durscher RJ, et al. (2010) Investigation of impedance characteristics and power delivery for dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators. In: 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting.

43. Kostov K, Honda R, Alves L, et al. (2009) Characteristics of dielectric barrier discharge reactor for material treatment. Braz J Phys 39: 322-5.

44. Rehman F, Liu Y, Zimmerman WBJ (2016) The role of chemical kinetics in using O3 generation as proxy for hydrogen production from water vapour plasmolysis. Int J Hydrogen Energy 41: 6180-92.    

45. Shih KY, Locke BR (2010) Optical and electrical diagnostics of the effects of conductivity on liquid phase electrical discharge. IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 99: 1-10.

46. El-Shafie M, Kambara S, Hayakawa Y (2020) One-dimensional simulation of hydrogen production kinetic models by water vapor plasmolysis in a DBD plate reactor. J Theor Appl Phys 14: 181-194.    

© 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved