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Hydrolysis of molten CaCl2-CaF2 with additions of CaO

Faculty of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Drøbakveien 31, N-1432 Ås, Norway

Topical Section: Energy Transition and Low Carbon Technologies

Calcium halide based molten salts have recently attracted interest for a number of applications such as direct reduction of oxides for metal production and as liquefying agent in cyclic sorption processes for CO2 by CaO from dilute flue gases (Ca-looping). A fundamental aspect of these melts is the possible hydrolysis reaction upon exposure to gaseous H2O forming corrosive and poisonous hydrogen halides. In this work experiments have been performed investigating the formation of HCl and HF from a molten salt consisting of a 13.8 wt% CaF2 in CaCl2 eutectic exposed to a flowing gas consisting of 10 vol% H2O in N2. Hydrolysis has been investigated as function of content of CaO and temperature. HCl and HF are shown to be formed at elevated temperatures; HCl forms to a substantially larger extent than HF. Addition of CaO has a marked, limiting effect on the hydrolysis. Thermodynamic modeling of the reaction indicates activity coefficients for CaO above unity in the system. For cyclic CO2-capture based on thermal swing, it is advisable to keep the temperature in the carbonation (absorption) reactor well below 850 ℃ while maintaining a high CaO content if molten CaCl2 is employed. Similar conclusions can be drawn with regards to CaF2.
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Keywords carbon capture; molten salts; hydrolysis; flue gases; Ca-looping

Citation: Espen Olsen, Maria Hansen, Heidi S. Nygård. Hydrolysis of molten CaCl2-CaF2 with additions of CaO. AIMS Energy, 2017, 5(6): 873-886. doi: 10.3934/energy.2017.6.873


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Copyright Info: 2017, Espen Olsen, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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