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Metastability of solitary waves in diatomic FPUT lattices

  • Received: 14 December 2018 Accepted: 25 February 2019 Published: 30 April 2019
  • It is known that long waves in spatially periodic polymer Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou lattices are well-approximated for long, but not infinite, times by suitably scaled solutions of Korteweg-de Vries equations. It is also known that dimer FPUT lattices possess nanopteron solutions, i.e., traveling wave solutions which are the superposition of a KdV-like solitary wave and a very small amplitude ripple. Such solutions have infinite mechanical energy. In this article we investigate numerically what happens over very long time scales (longer than the time of validity for the KdV approximation) to solutions of diatomic FPUT which are initially suitably scaled (finite energy) KdV solitary waves. That is we omit the ripple. What we find is that the solitary wave continuously leaves behind a very small amplitude "oscillatory wake." This periodic tail saps energy from the solitary wave at a very slow (numerically sub-exponential) rate. We take this as evidence that the diatomic FPUT "solitary wave" is in fact quasi-stationary or metastable.

    Citation: Nickolas Giardetti, Amy Shapiro, Stephen Windle, J. Douglas Wright. Metastability of solitary waves in diatomic FPUT lattices[J]. Mathematics in Engineering, 2019, 1(3): 419-433. doi: 10.3934/mine.2019.3.419

    Related Papers:

  • It is known that long waves in spatially periodic polymer Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou lattices are well-approximated for long, but not infinite, times by suitably scaled solutions of Korteweg-de Vries equations. It is also known that dimer FPUT lattices possess nanopteron solutions, i.e., traveling wave solutions which are the superposition of a KdV-like solitary wave and a very small amplitude ripple. Such solutions have infinite mechanical energy. In this article we investigate numerically what happens over very long time scales (longer than the time of validity for the KdV approximation) to solutions of diatomic FPUT which are initially suitably scaled (finite energy) KdV solitary waves. That is we omit the ripple. What we find is that the solitary wave continuously leaves behind a very small amplitude "oscillatory wake." This periodic tail saps energy from the solitary wave at a very slow (numerically sub-exponential) rate. We take this as evidence that the diatomic FPUT "solitary wave" is in fact quasi-stationary or metastable.


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