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Numerical solution of a spatio-temporal predator-prey model with infected prey

1 CI2MA and Departamento de Ingeniería Matemática, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
2 School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
3 Simon A. Levin Mathematical and Computational Modeling Sciences Center, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
4 Division of International Epidemiology and Population Studies, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
5 Departament de Matem`atiques, Universitat de Val`encia, Av. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain
6 GIMNAP-Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad del B´ıo-B´ıo,Casilla 5-C, Concepción, Chile

A spatio-temporal eco-epidemiological model is formulated by combining an available non-spatial model for predator-prey dynamics with infected prey [D. Greenhalgh and M. Haque, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci., 30 (2007), 911–929] with a spatio-temporal susceptible-infective (SI)-type epidemic model of pattern formation due to diffusion [G.-Q. Sun, Nonlinear Dynamics, 69 (2012), 1097–1104]. It is assumed that predators exclusively eat infected prey, in agreement with the hypothesis that the infection weakens the prey, making it available for predation otherwise we assume that the predator has essentially no access to healthy prey of the same species. Furthermore, the movement of predators is described by a non-local convolution of the density of infected prey as proposed in [R.M. Colombo and E. Rossi, Commun. Math. Sci., 13 (2015), 369–400]. The resulting convection-diffusion-reaction system of three partial differential equations for the densities of susceptible and infected prey and predators is solved by an efficient method that combines weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) reconstructions and an implicit-explicit Runge-Kutta (IMEX-RK) method for time stepping. Numerical examples illustrate the formation of spatial patterns involving all three species.
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Keywords convection-di usion-reaction system; implicit-explicit Runge-Kutta scheme; non-local velocity; predator-prey model

Citation: Raimund Bürger, Gerardo Chowell, Elvis Gavilán, Pep Mulet, Luis M. Villada. Numerical solution of a spatio-temporal predator-prey model with infected prey. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2019, 16(1): 438-473. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2019021

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