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Smoking dynamics with health education effect

1 Department of Mathematics, University of Evansville, Evansville, IN 47722, USA
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
3 Department of Applied Mathematics, Western University, London, Ontario, N6A 5B7, Canada
4 Department of Information and Statistics, Guangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanning,Guangxi, 750003, China

Topical Section: Mathematical modeling

This paper provides a mathematical study for analyzing the dynamics of smoking with health education campaigns involved. The method of next generation matrix is used to derive the basic reproduction number $R_0$. We prove that the smoking-free equilibrium is both locally and globally asymptotically stable if $R_0 < 1$; and the smoking-present equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable if $R_0 > 1$. By comparing with smoking dynamics without health education involved, we conclude that health education can decrease smoking population. Numerical simulations are used to support our conclusions.
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© 2018 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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