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Comparison of temperature and humidity profiles retrieved from INSAT-3DR sounder with high resolution radiosonde measurements

  • Received: 18 March 2021 Accepted: 26 May 2021 Published: 01 June 2021
  • We evaluate temperature and humidity profiles retrieved from an INSAT-3DR sounder against radiosonde measurements for one year during 2017–2018. This evaluation is carried out in terms of slope, intercept, bias, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and correlation coefficient in temperature and relative humidity profiles. This comparison provided first-hand information about the performance of INSAT-3DR sounder retrievals. This validation exercise is unique in terms of comparing with the high resolution (1 Hz) radiosonde measurements performed in the afternoon time when there is maximum convection driven by solar radiation. 276 pairs of co-located temperatures have been compared. INSAT-3DR temperature retrievals are strongly linearly correlated to radiosonde measurements, with the slope as 1.001 and correlation coefficient of 0.99, while the mean temperature bias between INSAT-3DR and radiosonde is -0.23°C with RMSE of 1.9°C. Comparison of Relative humidity retrieved from INSAT-3DR to the radiosonde data results in RMSE of 9.8% with a slope of 0.99 with a correlation coefficient of 0.77. The collocation of data points for validation is done matching in space [Latitude, Longitude, Pressure level (height)] and time (±30 minutes). The effect of relaxing the space and time window on the validation statistics is also studied for the first time.

    Citation: Hareef Baba Shaeb Kannemadugu, Manish Verma, Dibyendu Dutta, Lianne Rachel Johnson, Srinivasa Rao, Seshasai MVR. Comparison of temperature and humidity profiles retrieved from INSAT-3DR sounder with high resolution radiosonde measurements[J]. AIMS Geosciences, 2021, 7(2): 180-193. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2021011

    Related Papers:

  • We evaluate temperature and humidity profiles retrieved from an INSAT-3DR sounder against radiosonde measurements for one year during 2017–2018. This evaluation is carried out in terms of slope, intercept, bias, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and correlation coefficient in temperature and relative humidity profiles. This comparison provided first-hand information about the performance of INSAT-3DR sounder retrievals. This validation exercise is unique in terms of comparing with the high resolution (1 Hz) radiosonde measurements performed in the afternoon time when there is maximum convection driven by solar radiation. 276 pairs of co-located temperatures have been compared. INSAT-3DR temperature retrievals are strongly linearly correlated to radiosonde measurements, with the slope as 1.001 and correlation coefficient of 0.99, while the mean temperature bias between INSAT-3DR and radiosonde is -0.23°C with RMSE of 1.9°C. Comparison of Relative humidity retrieved from INSAT-3DR to the radiosonde data results in RMSE of 9.8% with a slope of 0.99 with a correlation coefficient of 0.77. The collocation of data points for validation is done matching in space [Latitude, Longitude, Pressure level (height)] and time (±30 minutes). The effect of relaxing the space and time window on the validation statistics is also studied for the first time.



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