AIMS Medical Science, 2019, 6(4): 318-325. doi: 10.3934/medsci.2019.4.318.

Research article

Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Sexual and reproductive health literacy of the youth in Bandar Abbas

1 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Proteomics Research Center and Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Health School, Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Objective: Considering the high prevalence of complications, including unwanted pregnancies and   high risk sexual behaviors among the Iranian youth population, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sexual and reproductive health literacy among the youth in Bandar Abbas. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Bandar Abbas in 2018. Sexual and reproductive health literacy information was collected using a researcher-made sexual and   reproductive health literacy questionnaire (score range 0 to 100) from 400 young people who referred to Bandar Abbas marriage counseling center. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22 software. Results: The mean age of the participants (50.3% male and 49.7% female) was 23 ± 4 years. The mean total sexual and reproductive health literacy score was 54 ± 11, indicating an insufficient overall level of sexual and reproductive health literacy in the population. There was no difference in sexual and reproductive health literacy score between genders (P = 0.50). There was a direct correlation between education level and sexual and reproductive health literacy score (P < 0.001). The most common ways to access information related to sexual   and reproductive health in this study were internet and virtual networks (48%), physicians and health care staff (47%). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it seems that policy makers should focus on educating health care providers regarding health literacy in order to promote the health literacy of the youth and society through virtual networks and websites affiliated with the health system.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords reproductive health; health literacy; youth

Citation: Fatemeh Dabiri, Sepideh Hajian, Abbas Ebadi, Farid Zayeri, Sedigheh Abedini. Sexual and reproductive health literacy of the youth in Bandar Abbas. AIMS Medical Science, 2019, 6(4): 318-325. doi: 10.3934/medsci.2019.4.318

References

  • 1. Glasier A, Gülmezoglu AM, Schmid GP, et al. (2006) Sexual and reproductive 230 health: A matter of life and death. Lancet 368: 1595–1607.    
  • 2. Alvarez-Nieto C, Pastor-Moreno G, Grande-Gascón ML, et al. (2015) Sexual and reproductive health beliefs and practices of female immigrants in Spain: A qualitative study. Reprod Health 12: 79.    
  • 3. Moodi M, Miri MR, Reza Sharifirad G (2013) The effect of instruction on knowledge and attitude of couples attending pre-marriage counseling classes. J Educ Health Promot 2: 52.    
  • 4. Bazarganipour F, Foroozanfard F, Taghavi SA, et al. (2013) Evaluation of female youth educational needs about reproductive health in non-medical students in the City of Qom. J Family Reprod Health 7: 67–72.
  • 5. Shayganmehr A, Hazratian F (2018) Studying and comparison of health literacy among smokers and non-smokers students in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2016. J Health Lit 2: 216–222.
  • 6. Majlesi F, Rahimi A, Mahmoodi M (2012) The impact of lecture and educational package methods in knowledge and attitude of teenage girls on puberty. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci 15: 327–332.
  • 7. WHO. Sexual and reproductive health literacy and the SDGs. 9th Global Conference on 247 Health Promotion, Shanghai, 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/9gchp/sexual-reproductive-health-literacy/en/
  • 8. Tavousi1 M, Haeri Mehrizi A, Rafiefar SH, et al. (2016) Health literacy in Iran: findings from a national study. Payesh 1: 95–102.
  • 9. Haghdoost AA, Karamouzian M, Jamshidi E, et al. (2019) Health Literacy among Iranian adults: findings from a nationwide population-based survey in 2015. East Mediterr Health J 25: 828–836.    
  • 10. Moosazadeh M, Nekoei-Moghadam M, Emrani Z, et al. (2014) Prevalence of unwanted pregnancy in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Health Plann Manage 29: e277–290.    
  • 11. Hedayati-Moghaddam MR, Eftekharzadeh-Mashhadi I, Fathimoghadam F, et al. (2015) Sexual and reproductive behaviors among undergraduate university students in Mashhad, a City in Northeast of Iran. J Reprod Infertil 16: 43–48.
  • 12. Pourmarzi D, Rimaz S, Merghati Khoii E, et al. (2012) Pre-marrital reproductive health educational needs of the youth. Sci J Sch Pub Health Inst Pub Health Res 10: 11–25.
  • 13. Montazeri A, Tavousi M, Rakhshani F, et al. (2014) Health literacy for Iranian adults (HELIA): development and psychometric properties. Payesh 13: 589–599.
  • 14. Sadana R (2002) Definition and measurement of reproductive health. Bull World Health Organ 80: 407–409.
  • 15. Dadipoor S, Ramezankhani A, Aghamolaei T, et al. (2018) Evaluation of health literacy in the Iranian population. Health Scope 7: e62212.
  • 16. Askarian-Tavandari P, Hashemian M, Joveini H, et al. (2018) A Survey on the level of health literacy among the women in Bardaskan City, Iran, in Year 2016: A cross-sectional study. J Health Syst Res 14: 35–40.
  • 17. Bazaz M, Shahry P, Latifi SM, et al. (2019) Cervical cancer literacy in women of 277 reproductive age and its related factors. J Canc Educ 34: 82–89.    
  • 18. Ansari M, Mohammad-Moradi F, Khaledian M, et al. (2018) Assessment of health literacy level in 18–30 year-old adults, An Iranian Experience. Library Philosophy and Practice (eJournal) 1850. Available from: https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1850.
  • 19. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Health Literacy; Nielsen-Bohlman L, Panzer AM, Kindig DA, editors (2004). Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion. Washington DC: National Academies Press (US), 346.
  • 20. Nekoei-Moghadam M, Parva S, Amiresmaili MR, et al. (2012) Health literacy and utilization of health services in Kerman urban Area 2011. TolooeBehdasht 11: 123–134.

 

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved