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Interactions of Neanderthals and Modern Humans: What Can Be Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA?

1. Institute of Informatics, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice
2. Department of Statistics, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art knowledge concerning the relationship between Neanderthals and Upper Paleolithic modern humans. The branching-process method is applied to infer the upper limit of hypothetical Neanderthal admixture, consistent with the evidence based on mitochondrial DNA sequences of contemporary modern humans, as well as Neanderthal and early modern European H. sapiens fossils. As a result, a maximum value of 15% admixture is obtained. This estimate is discussed in the context of its consequences for the two competing theories of modern human origin.
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Keywords Neanderthals; branching processes; mathematical model.; human evolution; mitochondrial DNA

Citation: Krzysztof A. Cyran, Marek Kimmel. Interactions of Neanderthals and Modern Humans: What Can Be Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA?. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, 2005, 2(3): 487-498. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2005.2.487


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Copyright Info: 2005, Krzysztof A. Cyran, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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