Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Mechanical properties of sisal-epoxy composites as functions of fiber-to-epoxy ratio

1 School of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University
2 Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto
3 Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto

Low density, low cost, environmental compatibility, wide availability, and high mechanical performance of raw materials are some considerable advantages of natural fiber composites. Sisal, very common type of natural fiber, is abundantly available in Ethiopia. This research aims to investigate mechanical properties of sisal reinforced composites such as tensile, flexural and impact strength. Fabrication of samples used the hand lay-up process with 15, 25, 30, 35, and 40 wt% sisal fiber to epoxy ratio. Tests for the properties indicated were made using the instron material testing system. Test results demonstrated, among the samples, that 30 wt% of sisal fiber-reinforced composites have the maximum tensile and flexural strength of 85.5 MPa and 85.79 MPa respectively. The impact strength has been found to be maximum for 40 wt% sisal fiber which is 24.5 kJ/m2. As the result show, and compared with other researcher findings, the mechanical properties are acceptable as substitutes for applications demanding low-cost engineering applications such as automotive internal parts including interior door panel, back seat and body panels.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords sisal fiber-reinforced; epoxy; hand lay-up method

Citation: Araya Abera Betelie, Anthony Nicholas Sinclair, Mark Kortschot, Yanxi Li, Daniel Tilahun Redda. Mechanical properties of sisal-epoxy composites as functions of fiber-to-epoxy ratio. AIMS Materials Science, 2019, 6(6): 985-996. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2019.6.985

References

  • 1. Sathishkumar TP, Navaneethakrishnan P, Shankar S, et al. (2014) Mechanical properties and water absorption of short snake grass fiber reinforced isophthallic polyester composites. Fibers Polym 15: 1927-1934.    
  • 2. Idicula M, Neelakantan NR, Oommen Z, et al. (2005) A study of the mechanical properties of randomly oriented short banana and sisal hybrid fiber reinforced polyester composites. J Appl Polym Sci 96: 1699-1709.
  • 3. Olusegun DS, Stephen A, Adekanye TA (2012) Assessing mechanical properties of natural fiber reinforced composites for engineering applications. J Miner Mater Charact Eng 11: 780-784.
  • 4. Sanjay MR, Yogesha B (2017) Studies on natural/glass fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites: an evolution. Mater Today Proc 4: 2739-2747.
  • 5. Yusriah L, Sapuan SM, Zainudin ES, et al. (2014) Characterization of physical, mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of agro-waste betel nut (Areca catechu) husk fibre. J Cleaner Prod 72: 174-180.    
  • 6. Chandrasekar M, Ishak MR, Sapuan SM, et al. (2017) A review on the characterisation of natural fibres and their composites after alkali treatment and water absorption. Plast, Rubber Compos 46: 119-136.    
  • 7. Kabir MM, Wang H, Lau KT, et al. (2012) Chemical treatments on plant-based natural fibre reinforced polymer composites: An overview. Composites Part B 43: 2883-2892.
  • 8. Misra M, MohantyAK, Drzal LT (2005) Natural fibers, biopolymers, and biocomposites, Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis.
  • 9. Kaewkuk S, Sutapun W, Jarukumjorn K (2013) Effects of interfacial modification and fiber content on physical properties of sisal fiber/polypropylene composites. Compos Part B-ENG 45: 544-549.    
  • 10. Dwivedi UK, Chand N (2009) Influence of MA-g-PP on abrasive wear behaviour of chopped sisal fibre reinforced polypropylene composites. J Mater Process Technol 209: 5371-5375.    
  • 11. Mylsamy K, Rajendran I (2011) Influence of fibre length on the wear behaviour of chopped agave americana fibre reinforced epoxy composites. Tribol Lett 44: 75-80.    
  • 12. Oladele IO, Omotoyinbo JA, Adewara JOT (2010) Investigating the effect of chemical treatment on the constituents and tensile properties of sisal fibre. J Miner Mater Char Eng 9: 569-582.
  • 13. Akram Khan M, Guru S, Padmakaran P, et al. (2011) Characterisation studies and impact of chemical treatment on mechanical properties of sisal fiber. Compos Interfaces 18: 527-541.    
  • 14. Wambua P, Ivens J, Verpoest I (2003) Natural fibres: can they replace glass in fibre reinforced plastics? Compos Sci Technol 63: 1259-1264.    
  • 15. Maurya HO, Gupta MK, Srivastava RK, et al. (2015) Study on the mechanical properties of epoxy composite using short sisal fibre. Mater Today: Proc 2: 1347-1355.    
  • 16. Verma D, Gope PC (2015) The use of coir/coconut fibers as reinforcements in composites, In: Omer F, Mohini S, Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials, England: Woodhead Publishing, 285-319.
  • 17. Li X, Tabil LG, Panigrahi S (2007) Chemical treatments of natural fiber for use in natural fiber-reinforced composites: a review. J Polym Environ 15: 25-33.    
  • 18. ASTM Standard D638 (2014) Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • 19. ASTM Standard D7264 (2007) Standard test method for flexural properties of polymer matrix composite materials. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • 20. ASTM Standard D256 (2002) Standard test methods for determining the izod pendulum impact resistance of plastics. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • 21. Noorunnisa Khanam P, Abdul Khalil HPS, Ramachandra Reddy G, et al. (2011) Tensile, flexural and chemical resistance properties of sisal fibre reinforced polymer composites: effect of fibre surface treatment. J Polym Environ 19: 115-119.    
  • 22. Gupta MK, Srivastava RK (2016) Properties of sisal fibre reinforced epoxy composite. IJFTR 41: 235-241.
  • 23. Joseph K, Thomas S, Pavithran C (1996) Effect of chemical treatment on the tensile properties of short sisal fibre-reinforced polyethylene composites. Polymer 37: 5139-5149.    
  • 24. Joseph PV, Joseph K, Thomas S (1999) Effect of processing variables on the mechanical properties of sisal-fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites. Compos Sci Technol 59: 1625-1640.    
  • 25. Milanese AC, de Carvalho Benini KCC, Cioffi MOH, et al. (2015) Thermal analysis of sisal/epoxy composite processed by RTM. Appl Mech Mater 719: 50-54.
  • 26. Seki Y (2009) Innovative multifunctional siloxane treatment of jute fiber surface and its effect on the mechanical properties of jute/thermoset composites. Mater Sci Eng A 508: 247-252.    
  • 27. Hargitai H, Rácz I, Anandjiwala RD (2008) Development of hemp fiber reinforced polypropylene composites. J Thermoplast Compos Mater 21: 165-174.    

 

This article has been cited by

  • 1. I O Oladele, B A Makinde-Isola, A A Adediran, M O Oladejo, A F Owa, T M A Olayanju, Mechanical and wear behaviour of pulverised poultry eggshell/sisal fiber hybrid reinforced epoxy composites, Materials Research Express, 2020, 7, 4, 045304, 10.1088/2053-1591/ab8585
  • 2. S. Stephen Bernard, G. Suresh, T. Srinivasan, S. Srinivasan, N. Kaarmugilan, L. Mohamed Naveed, N. Kiranmouli, C.S. Mahalakshmi, Analyzing the mechanical behaviour of sisal fiber reinforced IPN matrix, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020, 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.02.331
  • 3. Khubab Shaker, Yasir Nawab, Madeha Jabbar, , Handbook of Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications, 2020, Chapter 108-1, 1, 10.1007/978-3-030-11155-7_108-1

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2019 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved