Research article Topical Sections

Relay Coordination and Optimization techniques using DWT-Differentiation Algorithms for Fault Detection in Microgrid

  • Received: 20 March 2020 Accepted: 03 June 2020 Published: 29 June 2020
  • The microgrid is assuming an indispensable role in the power area and greatly affects inexhaustible reconciliation. There are numerous specialized troubles to move so as to utilize high ability in the microgrid. The significant issue in the microgrid has its protection challenges as the bidirectional progression of current moves through transports. This paper proposes novel Discrete Wavelet Transform-Differential Algorithm Techniques, which help to secure Distributed Generations and other costly electronic parts from the defective condition. The occurrence of any shortcoming on the microgrid causes alters in amplitude and course, which prompts a hamper on the surviving protection framework. In the proposed scheme, short circuit current is pre-processed through discrete wavelet transform (DWT) transform to remove all noise and high pass and low pass content in the signal and undergoes state-of-art of adaptive protection for selection of relay. This algorithm implements on the Standard IEEE 9 bus system in MATLAB environment and with a single line to ground fault at 8 locations tested with pair of 21 relays for primary and backup protection in the grid-connected and separated mode of operation. The traditional methods compared with the proposed method in terms of Different parameters like PS (plug setting ), TDS (time dial span), CTD (coordination time duration), Top (operating time of relay). To prove the better implementation of results, one real-time system as a case study selected with the hybrid microgrid.

    Citation: Pooja Khandare, Sanjay Deokar, Arati Dixit. Relay Coordination and Optimization techniques using DWT-Differentiation Algorithms for Fault Detection in Microgrid[J]. AIMS Energy, 2020, 8(4): 563-579. doi: 10.3934/energy.2020.4.563

    Related Papers:

  • The microgrid is assuming an indispensable role in the power area and greatly affects inexhaustible reconciliation. There are numerous specialized troubles to move so as to utilize high ability in the microgrid. The significant issue in the microgrid has its protection challenges as the bidirectional progression of current moves through transports. This paper proposes novel Discrete Wavelet Transform-Differential Algorithm Techniques, which help to secure Distributed Generations and other costly electronic parts from the defective condition. The occurrence of any shortcoming on the microgrid causes alters in amplitude and course, which prompts a hamper on the surviving protection framework. In the proposed scheme, short circuit current is pre-processed through discrete wavelet transform (DWT) transform to remove all noise and high pass and low pass content in the signal and undergoes state-of-art of adaptive protection for selection of relay. This algorithm implements on the Standard IEEE 9 bus system in MATLAB environment and with a single line to ground fault at 8 locations tested with pair of 21 relays for primary and backup protection in the grid-connected and separated mode of operation. The traditional methods compared with the proposed method in terms of Different parameters like PS (plug setting ), TDS (time dial span), CTD (coordination time duration), Top (operating time of relay). To prove the better implementation of results, one real-time system as a case study selected with the hybrid microgrid.
    加载中


    [1] Kroposki B, Lasseter R, Ise T, et al. (2008) Making microgrids work. IEEE Power Energy Mag 6: 40-53.
    [2] Islam MR, Gabbar HM (2012) Analysis of microgrid protection strategies. IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Engineering, 1-6.
    [3] Girgis A, Brahma SM (2001) Effect of distributed generation on protective device coordination in the distribution system, Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, 115-119.
    [4] Casagrande E, Woon WL, Zeineldin H, et al. (2014) A differential sequence component protection scheme for microgrids with Inverter-Based distributed generators. IEEE Smart Grid 5: 29-37. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2251017
    [5] Mahat P, Chen Z, Bak-Jensen B, et al. (2011) A simple adaptive overcurrent protection of distributed systems with distributed generations. IEEE Smart Grid 2: 428-437. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2011.2149550
    [6] Farhad S, Ruwan PSC, Sumedha R, et al. (2013) Primary control level of parallel distributed energy resources converters in the system of multiple interconnected autonomous microgrids within self-healing networks. IET Gener, Transm Distrib 8: 203-222.
    [7] Al-Nasseri H, Redfern MA, Li F (2006) A voltage based protection for micro-grids containing power electronic converters. IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting 7.
    [8] Perera N, Rajapakse AD (2006) Agent-based protection scheme for distribution net-works with distributed generators. IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting 6.
    [9] Micallef A, Apap M, Spiteri-Staines C, et al. (2014) Reactive power sharing and voltage harmonic distortion compensation of droop controlled single-phase islanded micro grids. IEEE Smart Grid 5: 1149-1158. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2291912
    [10] Li X, Dysko A, Burt GM (2014) Traveling Wave-Based protection scheme for Inverter-Dominated microgrid using mathematical morphology. IEEE Smart Grid 5: 2211-2218. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2014.2320365
    [11] Urdaneta AJ, Nadira R, Perez LG (1988) Optimal coordination of directional overcurrent relays in interconnected power systems. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 3: 903-911. doi: 10.1109/61.193867
    [12] Zeineldin H, Sharaf HM, Ibrahim DK, et al. (2015) Optimal protection coordination for meshed distribution systems with DG using dual setting directional overcurrent relays. IEEE Smart Grid 6: 115-123. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2014.2357813
    [13] El-Khattam W, Sidhu T (2008) Restoration of directional overcurrent relay coordination in distributed generation systems utilizing fault current limiter. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 23: 576-585. doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2008.915778
    [14] Storn R, Price K (1997) Differential evolution a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces. J Global Optim 11: 341-359. doi: 10.1023/A:1008202821328
    [15] Sharma A, Panigrahi BK (2015) Optimal relay coordination suitable for grid-connected and islanded operational modes of microgrid. Annual IEEE India Conference, 1570185643.
    [16] Lines AR, Almeida OM, Junior BFS, et al. (2017) ICA feature extraction for the location and classification of faults in high-voltage transmission lines. Electr Power Syst Res 148: 254-263. doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2017.03.030
    [17] Najy WKA, Zeineldin HH, Woon WL (2013) IEEE optimal protection coordination for microgrids with grid-connected and islanded capability. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 60: 1668-1677.
    [18] Gao W, Ning J (2011) Wavelet-based disturbance analysis for power system wide-area monitoring. IEEE Smart Grid 2: 121-130. doi: 10.1109/TSG.2011.2106521
    [19] Horak J (2006) Directional overcurrent relaying (67) concepts. 59th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers, 13.
    [20] Dewadasa M, Ghosh A, Ledwich G (2011) Protection of distributed generation connected networks with coordination of overcurrent relays. Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 924-929.
    [21] Nikkhajoei H, Lasseter RH (2007) Microgrid protection in IEEE PES General Meeting, 24-28.
    [22] Kar S, Samantaray SR (2015) Data-Mining based Comprehensive Primary and Backup Protection Scheme for Micro-Grid IEEE Power. Communication and Information Technology Conference (PCITC), 505-510.
    [23] Ustun TS, Ozansoy C, Zayegh A (2013) Fault current coefficient and time delay assignment for microgrid protection system with central protection unit. IEEE Trans Power Syst 28: 598-606. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2214489
    [24] Zamani MA, Sidhu TS, Yazdani A (2011) A protection strategy and microprocessor-based relay for low-voltage microgrids. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 26: 1873-1883. doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2011.2120628
    [25] Sortomme E, Venkata SS, Mitra J (2018) Microgrid protection using communication-assisted digital relays. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 25: 2789-2796.
    [26] Bhoyar R, Bharatkar S (2012) Potential of micro sources, renewable energy sources and application of microgrids in rural areas of maharashtra state India. Energy Procedia, 14.
    [27] Razavi F, Abyaneh HA, Al-Dabbagh M, et al. (2008) A new comprehensive genetic algorithm method for optimal overcurrent relay coordination. Electr Power Syst Res 78: 713-720. doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2007.05.013
    [28] Mohammadi R, Abyaneh HA, Razavi F, et al. (2010) optimal relays coordination efficient method in interconnected power systems. J Electr Eng 61: 75-83.
    [29] Escudero R, Noel J, Elizondo J, et al. (2017) Microgrid fault detection based on wavelet transformation and Park's vector approach. Electr Power Syst Res 152: 401-410.
    [30] Pan G, Zeng D, Wang G (2014) Fault analysis on distribution network with inverter interfaced distributed generations based on PQ control strategy. IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technol-Asia (ISGT Asia) 34: 555-561.

    © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
  • Reader Comments
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(162) PDF downloads(197) Cited by(0)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(12)  /  Tables(5)

Other Articles By Authors

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog