Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Analysis of national Jatropha biodiesel programme in Senegal

1 ENDA—Energy, Environment, Development (GNESD Member Centre), 54, Rue Carnot, P.O. Box 3370, Dakar, Senegal (the author worked with ENDA at the time this study was undertaken).
2 Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD), UNEP DTU Partnership, UN City Campus, Denmark Technical University, DTU Management Engineering, Marmorvej 51, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

Topical Section: Energy Policy and Economics

Growing Jatropha curcas for energy applications has been established through several initiatives in Senegal. The government of Senegal launched the National Jatropha Programme (NJP) in 2006 with the goal of planting 321,000 ha of Jatropha curcas, with an average of 1000 hectares (ha) in each rural locality. This paper reviews existing policies with relevance to Jatropha curcas L production in Senegal. It assesses the NJP implementation, identifies potential gaps and provides recommendations with regards to planning, institutional management, regulation, and implementation. The potential of Jatropha and other biodiesel crop options, based on findings from an agro-environmental mapping exercise have been shown. Findings show that prior policies in agricultural and energy sectors had been instrumental in developing the NJP. It highlights significant challenges in the value chain, the implementation of NJP and on the importance of using empirical assessment of evidence to inform on the biodiesel crop type compared to a focus on only one crop, Jatropha. Agro-environmental mapping was identified as useful technique prior to biodiesel cultivation. The work reported here indicates Jatropha having the largest suitability of land areas equating to almost thirty times (30) the original estimations in the NJP followed by Pongamia and sunflower with 6,796,000 ha and 5,298,900 ha respectively. Recommendations are provided suggesting, scientifically sound analysis from agro-environmental mapping to inform on the suitability of areas for Jatropha cultivation and on environmentally, socially and culturally sensitive areas. Policy options have been suggested for environmentally benigned sustained biodiesel activities in Senegal.
  Article Metrics

Keywords National Jatropha Programme; Biodiesel; Agro-environmental mapping; Senegal

Citation: Touria Dafrallah, Emmanuel Kofi Ackom. Analysis of national Jatropha biodiesel programme in Senegal. AIMS Energy, 2016, 4(4): 589-605. doi: 10.3934/energy.2016.4.589


  • 1. Ackom EK, Ertel J (2015) An alternative energy approach to combating desertification and promotion of sustainable development in drought regions. Forum der Forschung 18: 74-78.
  • 2. Pandey VC, Singh K, Singh JS, et al. (2012) Jatropha curcas: A potential biofuel plant for sustainable environmental development. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 16: 2870-2883.    
  • 3. Zahawi RA (2005) Establishment and growth of living fence species: an overlooked tool for the restoration of degraded areas in the tropics. Restor Ecol 13: 92-102.    
  • 4. Gubitz GM, Mittelbach M, Trabi M (1999) Exploitation of the tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L. Bioresour Technol 67: 73-82.    
  • 5. Openshaw K (2000) A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass Bioenergy 19: 1-15.    
  • 6. Achten WMJ, Verchot L, Franken YJ, et al. (2008) Jatropha biodiesel production and use. Biomass Bioenergy 32: 1063-84.    
  • 7. Sujatha M, Reddy TP, Mahasi MJ (2008) Role of biotechnological interventions in the improvement of castor (Ricinus communis L.) and Jatropha curcas L. Biotechnol Adv. 26: 424-35.    
  • 8. Akintayo ET (2004) Characteristics and composition of Parkia biglobbossa and Jatropha curcas oils and cakes. Bioresour Technol 92: 307-310.
  • 9. Francis G, Edinger R, Becker K (2005) A concept for simultaneous wasteland reclamation, fuel production, and socio economic development in degraded areas in India: need, potential and perspectives of Jatropha plantations. Nat Resour Forum 29: 12-24.    
  • 10. Jones N, Miller JH (1992) Jatropha curcas: a multipurpose species for problematic sites. ASTAG technical paper. Land resources, vol. 1. World Bank Washington (DC, USA). 12.
  • 11. Kumar A, Sharma S (2008) An evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses (Jatropha curcas L.): a review. Ind Crops Prod 28: 1-10.    
  • 12. Jain S, Sharma MP (2010) Prospects of biodiesel from Jatropha in India: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14: 763-771.    
  • 13. Kandpal JB, Madan M (1995) Jatropha curcas: a renewable source of energy for meeting future energy needs. Renew Energy 6: 159-160.    
  • 14. Augustus GDPS, Jayabalan M, Seiler GJ (2002) Evaluation and bioinduction of energy components of Jatropha curcas. Biomass Bioenergy 23: 161-164.    
  • 15. Fukuda H, Kondo A, Noda H (2001) Biodiesel fuel production by transesterification of oils. J Bioscin Bioeng 92: 405-416.    
  • 16. Srivastava A, Prasad R (2000) Triglycerides-based diesel fuels. Renewable Sust Energy Rev 4: 111-133.    
  • 17. Soumanou MM, Bornscheuer UT (2003) Improvement in lipase catalyzed synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from sunflower oil. Enzyme Microbiol Technol 33: 97-103.    
  • 18. Vicente G, Coteron A, Martinez M, et al. (1998) Application of the factorial design of experiments and response surface methodology to optimize biodiesel production. Ind Crops Prod 8: 29-35.    
  • 19. Axelsson L, Franzen M (2010) Performance of Jatropha biodiesel production and its environmental and socio-economic impacts. Dissertation. FRT 2010:06, Chalmers University of Technology: Sweden.
  • 20. Kant P, Wu S (2011) The Extraordinary collapse of Jatropha as a global biofuel. Environ Sci Technol 45: 7114-7115.    
  • 21. ENDA Energy and ICCR (2010) Approvisionnement durable en Energie: Production et Importation de la biomasse et des carburants biogènes.
  • 22. ENDA Energy and UNEP (2010) Cartographie Agro-Environnementale du Potentiel de Production de Biocarburants au Senegal (Agro-environmental Mapping of the Potential for Biofuels Production in Senegal).
  • 23. Ackom EK, Mabee WE, Saddler JN (2010) Backgrounder: Major environmental criteria of biofuel sustainability; International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy Task 39 Report Vancouver, Canada. Available from:
  • 24. Ackom EK (2012) Industrial Sustainability of Integrated Forest Biorefinery. In Integrated Forest Biorefineries: Challenges and Opportunities; Christopher, L., Ed.; Royal Society of Chemistry: London, UK.
  • 25. Ackom EK, Brix MP, Christensen J (2011) Bioenergy: The potential for rural development and poverty alleviation. Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD), (GNESD-SPM-BET-11/2011). Available from:
    http://www.gnesd.org/PUBLICATIONS/Bioenergy-Theme (Accessed on 30 January 2016).
  • 26. Poonia MP, Jethoo AS (2012) Jatropha plantation for biodiesel production in Rajasthan: climate, economics and employment. Univ J Environ Res Technol 2: 14-20.
  • 27. Jiang H, Wu P, Zhang S, et al. (2012) Global analysis of gene expression profi les in developing physic nut ( Jatropha curcas L) seeds. PLos One 7: 1-12.


This article has been cited by

  • 1. Saidu Muhammad Maishanu, Abubakar Sani Sambo, Mahmoud Muhammad Garba, , Sustainable Bioenergy, 2019, 49, 10.1016/B978-0-12-817654-2.00003-4
  • 2. Adewale Adewuyi, Challenges and prospects of renewable energy in Nigeria: A case of bioethanol and biodiesel production, Energy Reports, 2019, 5, 1408, 10.1016/j.egyr.2019.10.005
  • 3. Adewale Adewuyi, Challenges and prospects of renewable energy in Nigeria: A case of bioethanol and biodiesel production, Energy Reports, 2020, 10.1016/j.egyr.2019.12.002
  • 4. Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie, Emmanuel Ackom, Festus Victor Bekun, Phebe Asantewaa Owusu, Energy–Climate–Economy–Population Nexus: An Empirical Analysis in Kenya, Senegal, and Eswatini, Sustainability, 2020, 12, 15, 6202, 10.3390/su12156202

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

Copyright Info: 2016, Emmanuel Kofi Ackom, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved