Export file:


  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text


  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Theoretical potential and utilization of renewable energy in Afghanistan

1 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
2 Electrical Power Engineering Department, Kabul Polytechnic University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Topical Section: Renewable Energy

Nowadays, renewable energy is gaining more attention than other resources for electricity generation in the world. For Afghanistan that has limited domestic production of electric power and is more dependent on the unstable imported power from neighboring countries which pave the way to raise the cost of energy and increased different technical and economic problems. The employment of renewable energy would not only contribute to the independence of energy supply but also can achieve the socio-economic benefits for the country which is trying to rebuild its energy sector with a focus on sustainable energy for its population. From a theoretical point of view, there is a considerable potential of renewable energies such as solar energy, wind power, hydropower, biomass and geothermal energy available in the country. However, despite the presence of widespread non-agricultural and non-residential lands, these resources have not been deployed efficiently. This paper assesses the theoretical potential of the aforementioned types of renewable energies in the country. The study indicates that deployment of renewable energies can not only supplement the power demand but also will create other opportunities and will enable a sustainable energy base in Afghanistan.
  Article Metrics


1. Ershad AM (2014) potential of solar photovoltaic and wind power plants in meeting electricity demand in Afghanistan,” Renewable and clean energy: [dissertation].Ohio: Dayton Univ.

2. The World Bank. Working for a world free of poverty. Available from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.

3. ADB (2014) Technical Assistance Report, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Renewable Energy Development: Capacity Development Technical Assistance (CDTA), Project Number: 47266-001.

4. Ghalib A (2015) Ministry of energy and water: pp tx RED ppp To MEW.

5. Ministry of Energy and Water (2014) Afghanistan National Renewable Energy Policy. Final Draft.

6. Mundi index. Available from: http://www.indexmundi.com/map.

7. Kampan PA (2015) Balancing Political, Economic, and Scientific Objectives. Tanielian, Energy Reform in ASEAN. Int J Emerg Electric Power Syst 16: 297-311.

8. Hadjipaschalis I, Christou C, Poullikkas A (2008) Assessment of Future Sustainable Power Technologies with Carbon Capture and Storage. Int J Emerg Electric Power Syst 9.

9. John I, Peter M (2012) Afghanistan Resource Corridor Development: Power Sector Analysis, Australian AID.

10. Alamyar KM (2014) Renewable Energy for sustainable Development.

11. ADB (2013) Power sector master plan, Technical Assistance Consultants Report. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Project Number 43497.

12. Samadi AR (2013) Afghanistan Strategies on Renewable Energy. DABSCEO Presentation.

13. Nasrati AA (2015) Sustainable Energy for All Afghanistan. Country Presentation: SE4ALL Consultation Workshop, Manila, Philippines.

14. Bhandari NM, Burt G, Dahal KP, et al. (2007) Dispatch Optimization of Renewable Energy Generation Participating in a Liberalized Electricity Market. Int J Emerg Electric Power Syst 8.

15. Ministry of Energy & Water, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development. (2013) Afghanistan Rural Renewable Energy Strategy. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Action Plan until 2018; Draft version 1.

16. Shoaib A, Ariaratnam S (2016) A Study of Socioeconomic Impacts of Renewable Energy Projects in Afghanistan. ICSDEC 145: 995-1003.

17. Farooq MK, Kumar S (2013) An assessment of renewable energy potential for electricity generation in Pakistan. Renew Sust Energ Rev 20: 240-254.    

18. Ershad AM, Robert JB, Kevin H (2015) Analysis of solar photovoltaic and wind power potential in Afghanistan. Renew Energ 85:445-453.

19. Rezaei M, Chaharsooghi SK, Abbaszadeh P (2013) The Role of Renewable Energies in Sustainable Development: Case Study Iran. Iranica J Energ Environ 4: 320-329.

20. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. (2013) Assessment On Clean Infrastructure Development In Turkmenistan. Available from: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/ceci/ doc uments/UNDA_project/PPP_Assessment_Turkmenistan.pdf

21. Nachmany M, Fankhauser S, Davidová J, et al. (2015) Climate Change Legislation in Tajikstan, The 2015 Global Climate Legislation Study A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 99 Countries. Available from: http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/ TAJIKISTAN.pdf

22. In-Depth Energy Efficiency Review Tajikistan (2013) energy charter secretatiat. Available from: http://www.energycharter.org/fileadmin/DocumentsMedia/IDEER/IDEER-Tajikistan_2013_en. pdf

23. Halder PK, Paul N, Joardder MUH, et al. (2015) Energy scarcity and potential of renewable energy in Bangladesh. Renew Sust Energ Rev 51: 1636-1649.    

24. Khoury J, Mbayed R, Salloumb G, et al. (2016) Review on the integration of photovoltaic renewable energy in developing countries—Special attention to the Lebanese case. Renew Sust Energ Rev 57: 562-575.    

25. Daniel K, Goran S (2004) Fundamentals of Power System Economics, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, ISBN: 0470845724.

26. Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (2015) Energy Supply Improvement Invest-ment Program, Afghanistan, Environmental Assessment and Review Framework.

27. John I, Peter M (2012) Afghanistan Resource Corridor Development, Power Sector Analysis, Australian AID.

28. Ashna GF (2014) Afghanistan Energy Report, Da Afghanistan Brishna Shirkat, IEEJ. Available from: https://eneken.ieej.or.jp/data/5585.pdf.

29. Farooq MK, Kumar S (2013) An assessment of renewable energy potential forelectricity generation in Pakistan. Renew Sust Energ Rev 20: 240254.

30. Ministry of energy and water (2015) Renewable energy department database. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Available from: http://www.red mew.gov.af/database/ren-database/.

31. Ministry of Energy & Water, Ministry of Mines, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development (2013) Energy Sector Strategy, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Afghanistan national development strategies.

32. NREL. Afghanistan Resource Maps and Toolkit, US: Leading clean energy innovation. Available from: http://www.nrel.gov/international/ra afghanistan.html.

33. Zaher M. Afghanistan Initial National Communication To the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: National environmental protection agency.

34. Bansal RC, Zobaa AF, Saket RK (2005) Some Issues Related to Power Generation Using Wind Energy Conversion Systems. An Overview. Int J Emerg Electric Power Syst 3.

35. Milbrandt A, Overend R (2011) Assessment of Biomass Resources in Afghanistan, US department of energy: NREL/TP-6A20-49358 Technical Report, Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308.

36. Meisen P, Azizy P (2008) Rural Electrification in Afghanistan, How do we electrify the villages of Afghanistan? Global Energy Network Institute.

37. Saba DS, Najaf ME, Musazai AM, et al. (2004) Geothermal Energy in Afghanistan, Prospects and Potential. SABA et al 1feb04. New York, USA. & Afghanistan Center for Policy and Development Studies, New York University Kabul, Afghanistan.

38. Ministry of energy & water, Ministry of rural rehabilitation & development (2013) Afghanistan Rural Renewable Energy Policy, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Final Draft.

39. Brown WT, John V, Tarek A, et al. (2011) Feasibility of Renewable Energy Technology at the Afghanistan National Security University, A Site Specific Study Focused on Potential Renewable Energy Technologies in Northwest Kabul, Afghanistan. ERDC/CERL TR-11-12.

Copyright Info: © 2017, Gul Ahmad Ludin, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Article outline

Show full outline
Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved