Research article

Risk factors associated with stress, anxiety, and depression among university undergraduate students

  • Received: 12 November 2020 Accepted: 23 December 2020 Published: 25 December 2020
  • It is well-known that prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression is high among university undergraduate students in developed and developing countries. Students entering university are from different socioeconomic background, which can bring a variety of mental health risk factors. The aim of this review was to investigate present literatures to identify risk factors associated with stress, anxiety, and depression among university undergraduate students in developed and developing countries. I identified and critically evaluated forty-one articles about risk factors associated with mental health of undergraduate university students in developed and developing countries from 2000 to 2020 according to the inclusion criteria. Selected papers were analyzed for risk factor themes. Six different themes of risk factors were identified: psychological, academic, biological, lifestyle, social and financial. Different risk factor groups can have different degree of impact on students' stress, anxiety, and depression. Each theme of risk factor was further divided into multiple subthemes. Risk factors associated with stress, depression and anxiety among university students should be identified early in university to provide them with additional mental health support and prevent exacerbation of risk factors.

    Citation: Mohammad Mofatteh. Risk factors associated with stress, anxiety, and depression among university undergraduate students[J]. AIMS Public Health, 2021, 8(1): 36-65. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2021004

    Related Papers:

  • It is well-known that prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression is high among university undergraduate students in developed and developing countries. Students entering university are from different socioeconomic background, which can bring a variety of mental health risk factors. The aim of this review was to investigate present literatures to identify risk factors associated with stress, anxiety, and depression among university undergraduate students in developed and developing countries. I identified and critically evaluated forty-one articles about risk factors associated with mental health of undergraduate university students in developed and developing countries from 2000 to 2020 according to the inclusion criteria. Selected papers were analyzed for risk factor themes. Six different themes of risk factors were identified: psychological, academic, biological, lifestyle, social and financial. Different risk factor groups can have different degree of impact on students' stress, anxiety, and depression. Each theme of risk factor was further divided into multiple subthemes. Risk factors associated with stress, depression and anxiety among university students should be identified early in university to provide them with additional mental health support and prevent exacerbation of risk factors.


    Abbreviations

    BDI

    Beck's depression inventory

    DSM

    Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

    PTSD

    post-traumatic stress disorder

    SAD

    Stress, anxiety and depression

    UK

    United Kingdom

    USA

    United States of America

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    Conflict of interest



    All authors declare no conflicts of interest in this paper.

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