Research article

Perception of climate change and mitigation strategies in two European Mediterranean deltas

  • Received: 11 November 2020 Accepted: 15 December 2020 Published: 24 December 2020
  • Acceptance of mitigation and adaptation strategies is related more to the perceived levels of threats as opposed to real risks. Understanding public perception of climate change is crucial for the implementation of appropriate and effective actions. This study analyzed the perceptions of climate and global changes in two European Mediterranean deltas in order to determine the similarities and differences at a regional scale and to apprehend potential adaptation and mitigation strategies necessary for the future. A total of 395 participants responded to a questionnaire through person to person interviews. Survey analysis was conducted through a multi-method approach using standard descriptive statistics and qualitative data analysis. The majority of participants in both deltas expressed that climate change was a serious problem and that human activity was a contributing factor. Despite the recognition of the importance of climate change, little action was being taken to adapt or mitigate these changes. Our results suggest that a site specific approach using confirmed information sources with adapted communication techniques is necessary to be more effective and to spur changes in practice at a local scale.

    Citation: Lisa Ernoul, Stella Vareltzidou, Mathilde Charpentier, Camille Muryanyi-Kovacs. Perception of climate change and mitigation strategies in two European Mediterranean deltas[J]. AIMS Geosciences, 2020, 6(4): 561-576. doi: 10.3934/geosci.2020032

    Related Papers:

  • Acceptance of mitigation and adaptation strategies is related more to the perceived levels of threats as opposed to real risks. Understanding public perception of climate change is crucial for the implementation of appropriate and effective actions. This study analyzed the perceptions of climate and global changes in two European Mediterranean deltas in order to determine the similarities and differences at a regional scale and to apprehend potential adaptation and mitigation strategies necessary for the future. A total of 395 participants responded to a questionnaire through person to person interviews. Survey analysis was conducted through a multi-method approach using standard descriptive statistics and qualitative data analysis. The majority of participants in both deltas expressed that climate change was a serious problem and that human activity was a contributing factor. Despite the recognition of the importance of climate change, little action was being taken to adapt or mitigate these changes. Our results suggest that a site specific approach using confirmed information sources with adapted communication techniques is necessary to be more effective and to spur changes in practice at a local scale.


    加载中


    [1] Malmqvist B, Rundle S (2002) Threats to the running water ecosystems of the world. Environ Conserv 29: 134-153. doi: 10.1017/S0376892902000097
    [2] Vörösmarty C, Syvitski J, Day J, et al. (2009) Battling to save the world's river deltas. Bull At Sci 65: 31-43. doi: 10.2968/065002005
    [3] Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, et al. (2014) Climate change: Protect the world's deltas. Nat News 516: 31-33. doi: 10.1038/516031a
    [4] Schneider C, Laizé CLR, Acreman MC, et al. (2013) How will climate change modify river flow regimes in Europe? Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 17: 325-339. doi: 10.5194/hess-17-325-2013
    [5] Heath RL, O'Hair HD (2010) Handbook of Risk and Crisis Communication, Routledge.
    [6] Kasperson RE, Renn O, Slovic P, et al. (1988) The social amplification of risk: A conceptual framework. Risk Anal 8: 177-187. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.1988.tb01168.x
    [7] Steentjes K, Pidgeon NF, Poortinga W, et al. (2017) European Perceptions of Climate Change (EPCC): Topline findings of a survey conducted in four European countries in 2016.
    [8] Capstick SB, Pidgeon NF (2014) Public perception of cold weather events as evidence for and against climate change. Clim Change 122: 695-708. doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-1003-1
    [9] Shi J, Visschers VHM, Siegrist M (2015) Public Perception of Climate Change: The Importance of Knowledge and Cultural Worldviews: The Importance of Knowledge and Cultural Worldviews in Climate Change Perception. Risk Anal 35: 2183-2201. doi: 10.1111/risa.12406
    [10] Buckley PJ, Pinnegar JK, Painting SJ, et al. (2017) Ten Thousand Voices on Marine Climate Change in Europe: Different Perceptions among Demographic Groups and Nationalities. Front Mar Sci 4: 206. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00206
    [11] Wright LD (1978) River deltas, In Davis Jr. RA, Coastal sedimentary environments, New York, 5-68.
    [12] Palanques A, Guillén J (1998) Coastal changes in the Ebro delta: Natural and human factors. J Coastal Conserv 4: 17-26. doi: 10.1007/BF02806485
    [13] UNEP/MAP-Plan Bleu (2009) State of the environment and development in the Mediterranean, Athens, UNEP/MAP-Plan Bleu.
    [14] McGranahan G, Balk D, Anderson B (2007) The rising tide: assessing the risks of climate change and human settlements in low elevation coastal zones. Environ Urban 19: 17-37. doi: 10.1177/0956247807076960
    [15] Milano M, Ruelland D, Fernandez S, et al. (2013) Current state of Mediterranean water resources and future trends under climatic and anthropogenic changes. Hydrol Sci J 58: 498-518. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2013.774458
    [16] Lwasa S (2015) A systematic review of research on climate change adaptation policy and practice in Africa and South Asia deltas. Reg Environ Change 15: 815-824. doi: 10.1007/s10113-014-0715-8
    [17] Kuleli T (2010) City-Based Risk Assessment of Sea Level Rise Using Topographic and Census Data for the Turkish Coastal Zone. Estuaries Coasts 33: 640-651. doi: 10.1007/s12237-009-9248-7
    [18] Guiot J, Cramer W (2016) Climate change: The 2015 Paris Agreement thresholds and Mediterranean basin ecosystems. Science 354: 465-468. doi: 10.1126/science.aah5015
    [19] Dewulf A, Meijerink S, Runhaar H (2015) Editorial: The governance of adaptation to climate change as a multi-level, multi-sector and multi-actor challenge: a European comparative perspective. J Water Clim Change 6: 1-8. doi: 10.2166/wcc.2014.000
    [20] Ménioux J, Zumsteeg S (2012) Individual perceptions of climate risks, AXA/IPSOS.
    [21] Egbe CA, Yaro MA, Okon AE, et al. (2014) Rural Peoples' Perception to Climate Variability/Change in Cross River State-Nigeria. J Sustainable Dev 7: 25.
    [22] Jones AM, Omer SB, Bednarczyk RA, et al. (2012) Parents' Source of Vaccine Information and Impact on Vaccine Attitudes, Beliefs, and Nonmedical Exemptions. Adv Prev Med 2012: 1-8. doi: 10.1155/2012/932741
    [23] Rey-Valette H, Robert S, Rulleau B (2018) Resistance to relocation in flood-vulnerable coastal areas: a proposed composite index. Clim Policy 19: 1-13.
    [24] Howe PD, Mildenberger M, Marlon JR, et al. (2015) Geographic variation in opinions on climate change at state and local scales in the USA. Nat Clim Change 5: 596-603. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2583
    [25] Poortinga W, Whitmarsh L, Steg L, et al. (2019) Climate change perceptions and their individual-level determinants: A cross-European analysis. Globle Environ Change 55: 25-35. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.007
    [26] Lee TM, Markowitz EM, Howe PD, et al. (2015) Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world. Nat Clim Change 5: 1014-1020. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2728
    [27] Lorenzoni I, Pidgeon NF (2006) Public Views on Climate Change: European and USA Perspectives. Clim Change 77: 73-95. doi: 10.1007/s10584-006-9072-z
    [28] Bain PG, Milfont TL, Kashima Y, et al. (2016) Co-benefits of addressing climate change can motivate action around the world. Nat Clim Change 6: 154-157. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2814
    [29] Moser SC (2010) Communicating climate change: history, challenges, process and future directions: Communicating climate change. WIREs Clim Change 1: 31-53. doi: 10.1002/wcc.11
    [30] Lindell MK, Perry RW (2012) The Protective Action Decision Model: Theoretical Modifications and Additional Evidence: The Protective Action Decision Model. Risk Anal 32: 616-632. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01647.x
    [31] Hagen B, Middel A, Pijawka D (2016) European Climate Change Perceptions: Public support for mitigation and adaptation policies. Env Pol Gov 26: 170-183. doi: 10.1002/eet.1701
    [32] Howe PD, Mildenberger M, Marlon JR, et al. (2015) Geographic variation in opinions on climate change at state and local scales in the USA. Nat Clim Change 5: 596-603. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2583
    [33] Blondel J, Barruol G, Vianet R (2013) L'encyclopédie de la Camargue, Paris, France, Buchet-Chastel.
    [34] Mathevet R (2004) Camargue incertaine: Sciences, usages et natures, Paris.
    [35] Hailey A, Goutner V (2002) Changes in the Alyki Kitrous wetland in northern Greece: 1990-1999, and future prospects. Biodiversity Conserv 11: 357-377. doi: 10.1023/A:1014855506835
    [36] Ernoul L, Sandoz A, Fellague A (2012) The evolution of two great Mediterranean Deltas: Remote sensing to visualize the evolution of habitats and land use in the Gediz and Rhone Deltas. Ocean Coast Manage 69: 111-117. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.07.026
    [37] Madsen H, Lawrence D, Lang M, et al. (2014) Review of trend analysis and climate change projections of extreme precipitation and floods in Europe. J Hydrol 519: 3634-3650. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.11.003
    [38] Goeldner-Gianella L, Humain-Lamoure A (2010) Les enquêtes par questionnaire en géographie de l'environnement. L'Espace Géogr 39: 325-344. doi: 10.3917/eg.394.0325
    [39] Sarantakos S (2012) Social research, South Melbourne, Palgrave Macmillan.
    [40] Kitchin R, Tate N (2000) Conducting research in human geography: theory, methodology and practice, Essex, England, Pearson Education Limited.
    [41] Kim SY, Wolinsky-Nahmias Y (2014) Cross-National Public Opinion on Climate Change: The Effects of Affluence and Vulnerability. Glob Environ Polit 14: 79-106. doi: 10.1162/GLEP_a_00215
    [42] Capstick S, Whitmarsh L, Poortinga W, et al. (2015) International trends in public perceptions of climate change over the past quarter century: International trends in public perceptions of climate change. WIREs Clim Change 6: 35-61. doi: 10.1002/wcc.321
    [43] Lee TM, Markowitz EM, Howe PD, et al. (2015) Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world. Nat Clim Change 5: 1014-1020. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2728
    [44] Kollmuss A, Agyeman J (2002) Mind the Gap: Why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior? Environ Educ Res 8: 239-260. doi: 10.1080/13504620220145401
    [45] Dumitrescu A, Bojariu R, Birsan MV, et al. (2015) Recent climatic changes in Romania from observational data (1961-2013). Theor Appl Climatol 122: 111-119. doi: 10.1007/s00704-014-1290-0
    [46] Madsen H, Lawrence D, Lang M, et al. (2014) Review of trend analysis and climate change projections of extreme precipitation and floods in Europe. J Hydrol 519: 3634-3650. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.11.003
    [47] Taylor A, de Bruin WB, Dessai S (2014) Climate Change Beliefs and Perceptions of Weather-Related Changes in the United Kingdom. Risk Anal 34: 1995-2004. doi: 10.1111/risa.12234
    [48] Klein RJT, Schipper ELF, Dessai S (2005) Integrating mitigation and adaptation into climate and development policy: three research questions. Environ Sci Policy 8: 579-588. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2005.06.010
    [49] Gifford R (2011) The dragons of inaction: Psychological barriers that limit climate change mitigation and adaptation. Am Psychol 66: 290-302. doi: 10.1037/a0023566
    [50] Kuehne G (2014) How Do Farmers' Climate Change Beliefs Affect Adaptation to Climate Change? Soc Nat Resour 27: 492-506. doi: 10.1080/08941920.2013.861565
    [51] Baumer EPS, Polletta F, Pierski N, et al. (2017) A Simple Intervention to Reduce Framing Effects in Perceptions of Global Climate Change. Environ Commun 11: 289-310. doi: 10.1080/17524032.2015.1084015
    [52] Flanagin AJ, Hocevar KP, Samahito SN (2014) Connecting with the user-generated Web: how group identification impacts online information sharing and evaluation. Inf Commun Soc 17: 683-694. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2013.808361
    [53] Taddicken M (2013) Climate change from the user's perspective: The impact of mass media and internet use and individual and moderating variables on knowledge and attitudes. J Media Psychol Theor Methods Appl 25: 39-52.
    [54] Szarka J (2013) From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations. Climate 1: 12-27. doi: 10.3390/cli1010012
    [55] Nerlich B, Koteyko N, Brown B (2010) Theory and language of climate change communication. WIREs Clim Change 1: 97-110. doi: 10.1002/wcc.2
    [56] van der Linden S (2015) The social-psychological determinants of climate change risk perceptions: Towards a comprehensive model. J Environ Psychol 41: 112-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2014.11.012
    [57] Sjöberg L (2000) Factors in Risk Perception. Risk Anal 20: 1-12. doi: 10.1111/0272-4332.00001
    [58] Mathevet R, Allouche A, Nicolas L, et al. (2018) A Conceptual Framework for Heuristic Progress in Exploring Management Regime Shifts in Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change Adaptation of Coastal Areas. Sustainability 10: 4171. doi: 10.3390/su10114171
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(181) PDF downloads(33) Cited by(0)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(5)  /  Tables(3)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog