Research article

Comparison of resistive and inductive superconductor fault current limiters in AC and DC micro-grids

  • Received: 04 September 2020 Accepted: 20 October 2020 Published: 11 November 2020
  • Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (SFCL) have been used in power systems for many years, however the best possible positioning of different SFCL still needs a lot of work. Resistive and Inductive are two types of SFCL used in power system. Function of both these current limiters is to control the fluctuations and abnormalities in the system by introducing a high impedance in it, through transforming itself from normal stage to superconducting stage. In this research, placement of resistive SFCL and inductive SFCL in AC and DC microgrids (MG) are analyses at two different positions; at the point of integration of conventional source and distributed generator (DG) and at the point where DG is added to the system. The AC and DC microgrids contains industrial and residential loads, while they use respective main wind power generation source and photo voltaic power source along with conventional power, supplied from main grid. The behavior of both types of SFCL in their grid models is analyzed through MatLab Simulations, in order to compare their effectiveness and determine best possible position to place them.

    Citation: Arqum Shahid, Ahsan Ali, Faheem Ashiq, Umer Amir Khan, Muhammad Ilyas Menhas, Sajjad Manzoor. Comparison of resistive and inductive superconductor fault current limiters in AC and DC micro-grids[J]. AIMS Energy, 2020, 8(6): 1199-1211. doi: 10.3934/energy.2020.6.1199

    Related Papers:

  • Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (SFCL) have been used in power systems for many years, however the best possible positioning of different SFCL still needs a lot of work. Resistive and Inductive are two types of SFCL used in power system. Function of both these current limiters is to control the fluctuations and abnormalities in the system by introducing a high impedance in it, through transforming itself from normal stage to superconducting stage. In this research, placement of resistive SFCL and inductive SFCL in AC and DC microgrids (MG) are analyses at two different positions; at the point of integration of conventional source and distributed generator (DG) and at the point where DG is added to the system. The AC and DC microgrids contains industrial and residential loads, while they use respective main wind power generation source and photo voltaic power source along with conventional power, supplied from main grid. The behavior of both types of SFCL in their grid models is analyzed through MatLab Simulations, in order to compare their effectiveness and determine best possible position to place them.


    加载中


    [1] EIA (2010) Annual energy outlook 2010: with projections to 2035. Government Printing Office.
    [2] Santacana E, Rackliffe G, Tang Le, et al. (2010) Getting smart. IEEE Power Energy Mag 8: 41-48.
    [3] Jiayi H, Jiang C, Xu R (2008) A review on distributed energy resources and MicroGrid. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 12: 2472-2483.
    [4] Driesen J, Vermeyen P, Belmans R (2007) Protection issues in microgrids with multiple distributed generation units. Power Conversion Conference, Nagoya 646-653.
    [5] Gopalan SA, Victor S, Herbert HI (2014) A review of coordination strategies and protection schemes for microgrids. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 32: 222-228.
    [6] Sarwagya K, Paresh KN (2015) An extensive review on the state-of-art on microgrid protection. 2015 IEEE Power, Communication and Information Technology Conference 862-868.
    [7] Zhang Y, Dougal RA (2012) State of the art of fault current limiters and their applications in smart grid. 2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting 1-6.
    [8] Morandi A (2013) State of the art of superconducting fault current limiters and their application to the electric power system. Phys C: Supercond 484: 242247.
    [9] Aly MM, Emad AM (2012) Comparison between resistive and inductive superconducting fault current limiters for fault current limiting. 2012 Seventh International Conference on Computer Engineering & Systems (ICCES) 227-232.
    [10] Choudhary NK, Mohanty SR, Singh RK, et al. (2014) A review on microgrid protection. 2014 International Electrical Engineering Congress (iEECON) 1-4.
    [11] Zheng F, Deng C, Chen L, et al. (2015) Transient performance improvement of microgrid by a resistive superconducting fault current limiter. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 25: 1-5.
    [12] He H, Chen L, Yin T, et al. (2016) Application of a SFCL for fault ride-through capability enhancement of DG in a microgrid system and relay protection coordination. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 26: 1-8.
    [13] Yehia DM, Mansour D-EA, Yuan W (2018) Fault ride-through enhancement of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids using resistive-type SFCL. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 28: 1-5.
    [14] Chen L, Chen H, Yang J, et al. (2017) Comparison of superconducting fault current limiter and dynamic voltage restorer for LVRT improvement of high penetration microgrid. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 27: 1-7.
    [15] Choi D-H, Yoo J-I, Kim D, et al. (2017) Analysis on effect of SFCL applied to an isolated microgrid with a dynamic load model. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 27: 1-4.
    [16] Chen L, Chen H, Li G, et al. (2018) Coordination of SMES, SFCL and distributed generation units for micro-grid stability enhancement via wireless communications. IEEE Access 6: 36699-36710.
    [17] Khan UA, Seong JK, Lee SH, et al. (2010) Feasibility analysis of the positioning of superconducting fault current limiters for the smart grid application using simulink and simpowersystem. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 21: 2165-2169.
    [18] Khan UA, Hwang JS, Seong JK, et al. (2011) Application and positioning analysis of a resistive type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter in AC and DC microgrids using Simulink and SimPowerSystem. 2011 1st International Conference on Electric Power Equipment-Switching Technology 348-351.
    [19] Jae-Sang H, Khan UA, Woo-Ju Shin, et al. (2012) Validity analysis on the positioning of superconducting fault current limiter in neighboring AC and DC microgrid. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 23: 5600204.
    [20] Srilatha S, Venkata RK (2012) Analysis of positioning of superconducting fault current limiter in smart grid application. Int J Adv Innovative Res 24-31.
    [21] Zhang X, Ruiz HS, Zhong Z, et al. (2015) Implementation of resistive type superconducting fault current limiters in electrical grids, performance analysis and measuring of optimal locations. arXiv preprint 1508: 01162.
    [22] Zhang X, Ruiz HS, Geng J, et al. (2017) Optimal location and minimum number of superconducting fault current limiters for the protection of power grids. Int J Electr Power Energy Syst 87: 136-143.
    [23] Shirai Y, Taguchi M, Shiotsu M, et al. (2003) Simulation study on operating characteristics of superconducting fault current limiter in one machine infinite bus power system. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 13: 1822-1827.
    [24] Vilhena N, Arsenio P, Murta-Pina J, et al. (2014) Development of a simulink model of a saturated cores superconducting fault current limiter. Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems 415-422.
    [25] Vilhena N, Arsenio P, Murta-Pina J, et al. (2014) A methodology for modeling and simulation of saturated cores fault current limiters. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 25: 1-4.
  • Reader Comments
  • © 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Metrics

Article views(577) PDF downloads(63) Cited by(0)

Article outline

Figures and Tables

Figures(7)  /  Tables(4)

/

DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
Return
Return

Catalog