Research article Topical Sections

Energy consumption analysis of the transportation sector of Senegal

  • Received: 23 June 2017 Accepted: 13 November 2017 Published: 16 November 2017
  • Although blessed with abundant energy resources, Africa is still far from providing total energy access to its population. The amount of energy per capita consumed across the continent is very low in comparison to that observed in other continents. Literature survey shows lack of knowledge on energy system’s analysis of most countries. This study is aimed at analyzing the energy system of Senegal with focus on energy consumption in the transport sector. The analysis of the energy used in the transport sector in the period 2000–2013 shows an increasing energy demand in road transport, steady energy consumption in the maritime, and a dramatic shift in air transport. The calculated mean weighted energy efficiency of the transport sector is around 14.70%. This low performance is due to poor operating conditions surrounding the transport sector. Senegal is not an oil producing country and massive use of imported fossil fuels for electricity generation and transport raises many issues: energy security, economic vulnerability, health and pollution associated with combustion. Therefore, decarbonizing the transport system, increasing the energy independence and integrating renewable energies are major challenges for the near future.

    Citation: Bertrand Tchanche. Energy consumption analysis of the transportation sector of Senegal[J]. AIMS Energy, 2017, 5(6): 912-929. doi: 10.3934/energy.2017.6.912

    Related Papers:

  • Although blessed with abundant energy resources, Africa is still far from providing total energy access to its population. The amount of energy per capita consumed across the continent is very low in comparison to that observed in other continents. Literature survey shows lack of knowledge on energy system’s analysis of most countries. This study is aimed at analyzing the energy system of Senegal with focus on energy consumption in the transport sector. The analysis of the energy used in the transport sector in the period 2000–2013 shows an increasing energy demand in road transport, steady energy consumption in the maritime, and a dramatic shift in air transport. The calculated mean weighted energy efficiency of the transport sector is around 14.70%. This low performance is due to poor operating conditions surrounding the transport sector. Senegal is not an oil producing country and massive use of imported fossil fuels for electricity generation and transport raises many issues: energy security, economic vulnerability, health and pollution associated with combustion. Therefore, decarbonizing the transport system, increasing the energy independence and integrating renewable energies are major challenges for the near future.


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