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Diffusion-controlled reaction rates for clusters of binding sites on a cell

  • Received: 26 August 2016 Accepted: 17 October 2016 Published: 26 October 2016
  • The Berg-Purcell expression for the diffusion-controlled binding rate to N sites uniformly distributed on the surface of a sphere is generalized to clusters of receptors located at the poles of a cell. By replacing a partially reactive surface with one that is covered with N circular sites that act independently, one can derive analytic expressions for the diffusion-controlled rate constant for clusters of binding sites. This has application to systems where the reactive sites are located in a specific region or regions on the surface of the protein or cell. These include peptide hormones reacting with target receptors, protein-ligand reactions and bacterial chemotaxis. Multiple sensory receptors both at one and two poles of a sphere are studied.

    Citation: David E. Shoup. Diffusion-controlled reaction rates for clusters of binding sites on a cell[J]. AIMS Biophysics, 2016, 3(4): 522-528. doi: 10.3934/biophy.2016.4.522

    Related Papers:

  • The Berg-Purcell expression for the diffusion-controlled binding rate to N sites uniformly distributed on the surface of a sphere is generalized to clusters of receptors located at the poles of a cell. By replacing a partially reactive surface with one that is covered with N circular sites that act independently, one can derive analytic expressions for the diffusion-controlled rate constant for clusters of binding sites. This has application to systems where the reactive sites are located in a specific region or regions on the surface of the protein or cell. These include peptide hormones reacting with target receptors, protein-ligand reactions and bacterial chemotaxis. Multiple sensory receptors both at one and two poles of a sphere are studied.


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  • © 2016 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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