Research article

Phenotypic trait extraction of soybean plants using deep convolutional neural networks with transfer learning

  • Received: 15 March 2021 Accepted: 18 March 2021 Published: 23 March 2021
  • High-throughput plant phenotyping systems capable of producing large numbers of images have been constructed in recent years. In order for statistical analysis of plant traits to be possible, image processing must take place. This paper considers the extraction of plant trait data from soybean images taken in the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Greenhouse Innovation Center. Using transfer learning, which utilizes the VGG16 model along with its parameters in the convolutional layers as part of our model, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are trained to predict measurements such as height, width, and size of the plants. It is demonstrated that, by making use of transfer learning, our CNNs efficiently and accurately extract the trait measurements from the images using a relatively small amount of training data. This approach to plant trait extraction is new to the field of plant phenomics, and the superiority of our CNN-based trait extraction approach to an image segmentation-based approach is demonstrated.

    Citation: Jason Adams, Yumou Qiu, Luis Posadas, Kent Eskridge, George Graef. Phenotypic trait extraction of soybean plants using deep convolutional neural networks with transfer learning[J]. Big Data and Information Analytics, 2021, 6: 26-40. doi: 10.3934/bdia.2021003

    Related Papers:

  • High-throughput plant phenotyping systems capable of producing large numbers of images have been constructed in recent years. In order for statistical analysis of plant traits to be possible, image processing must take place. This paper considers the extraction of plant trait data from soybean images taken in the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Greenhouse Innovation Center. Using transfer learning, which utilizes the VGG16 model along with its parameters in the convolutional layers as part of our model, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are trained to predict measurements such as height, width, and size of the plants. It is demonstrated that, by making use of transfer learning, our CNNs efficiently and accurately extract the trait measurements from the images using a relatively small amount of training data. This approach to plant trait extraction is new to the field of plant phenomics, and the superiority of our CNN-based trait extraction approach to an image segmentation-based approach is demonstrated.



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