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Multiscale simulation of a polymer melt flow between two coaxial cylinders under nonisothermal conditions

  • Received: 18 March 2020 Accepted: 28 July 2020 Published: 28 October 2020
  • We successfully extend a multiscale simulation (MSS) method to nonisothermal well-entangled polymer melt flows between two coaxial cylinders. In the multiscale simulation, the macroscopic flow system is connected to a number of microscopic systems through the velocity gradient tensor, stress tensor and temperature. At the macroscopic level, in addition to the momentum balance equation, we consider the energy balance equation, where heat generation plays an important role not only in the temperature distribution but also in the flow profile. At the microscopic level, a dual slip-link model is employed for well-entangled polymers. To incorporate the temperature effect into the microscopic systems, we used the time-temperature superposition rule for the slip-link model, in which the temperature dependence of the parameters is not known; on the other hand, the way to take into account the temperature effect in the macroscopic equations has been well established. We find that the extended multiscale simulation method is quite effective in revealing the relation between nonisothermal polymeric flows for both steady and transient cases and the microscopic states of polymer chains expressed by primitive paths and slip-links. It is also found that the temperature-dependent reptation-time-based Weissenberg number is a suitable measure for understanding the extent of the polymer chain deformation in the range of the shear rate used in this study.

    Citation: Yuji Hamada, Takeshi Sato, Takashi Taniguchi. Multiscale simulation of a polymer melt flow between two coaxial cylinders under nonisothermal conditions[J]. Mathematics in Engineering, 2021, 3(6): 1-22. doi: 10.3934/mine.2021042

    Related Papers:

  • We successfully extend a multiscale simulation (MSS) method to nonisothermal well-entangled polymer melt flows between two coaxial cylinders. In the multiscale simulation, the macroscopic flow system is connected to a number of microscopic systems through the velocity gradient tensor, stress tensor and temperature. At the macroscopic level, in addition to the momentum balance equation, we consider the energy balance equation, where heat generation plays an important role not only in the temperature distribution but also in the flow profile. At the microscopic level, a dual slip-link model is employed for well-entangled polymers. To incorporate the temperature effect into the microscopic systems, we used the time-temperature superposition rule for the slip-link model, in which the temperature dependence of the parameters is not known; on the other hand, the way to take into account the temperature effect in the macroscopic equations has been well established. We find that the extended multiscale simulation method is quite effective in revealing the relation between nonisothermal polymeric flows for both steady and transient cases and the microscopic states of polymer chains expressed by primitive paths and slip-links. It is also found that the temperature-dependent reptation-time-based Weissenberg number is a suitable measure for understanding the extent of the polymer chain deformation in the range of the shear rate used in this study.
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    © 2021 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
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