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Pediatric Orthogenomics: The Latest Trends and Controversies

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA, USA;
2 Department of Pediatrics, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA, USA

The advent of molecular biology has paved way for an era of personalized medicine. Though medical disciplines such as oncology and cardiology are advanced in their use of genomics, implementation has been slower in other specialties, such as orthopaedics. Recent advances in genomic technology have shed light on the underlying genetic basis of various pediatric orthopaedic disorders. Prior understanding of the genetic makeup of a patient may help individualize care in patients with conditions including idiopathic scoliosis, congenital talipes equinovarus and congenital limb deformities. The fastpaced growth of information in orthogenomics often makes it challenging for an orthopaedic surgeon to effectively use this information for patient care. Genetic characterization of a patient will help indicate risk of progression of a condition, recurrence and/or response to a treatment modality, and a collaborative approach between an orthopaedic surgeon and a geneticist can help tailor patient care. The following review article summarizes current understanding in molecular genomics of common pediatric orthopaedic disorders.
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