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Multi-spectral remote sensing images feature coverage classification based on improved convolutional neural network

Key Laboratory of Aerospace Information Perception and Intelligent Processing, College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110122, China

Special Issues: Mathematical Image Processing

With the continuous development of the earth observation technology, the spatial resolution of remote sensing images is also continuously improved. As one of the key problems in remote sensing images interpretation, the classification of high-resolution remote sensing images has been widely concerned by scholars at home and abroad. With the improvement of science and technology, deep learning has provided new ideas for the development of image classification, but it has not been widely used in remote sensing images processing. In the background of remote sensing huge data, the remote sensing images classification based on deep learning proposed in the study has more research significance and application value. The study proposes a high-resolution remote sensing images classification method based on an improved convolutional neural network. The traditional convolutional neural network framework is optimized and the initial structure is added. The actual classification results of radial basis functions and support vector machine are compared horizontally. The classification results of hyperspectral images were presented that the improved method can perform better in overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient. The commission errors of support vector machine classification method are more than 6 times of that of the improved convolutional neural network classification method and the overall accuracy of the improved convolutional neural network classification method has reached 97% above.
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© 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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