Export file:

Format

  • RIS(for EndNote,Reference Manager,ProCite)
  • BibTex
  • Text

Content

  • Citation Only
  • Citation and Abstract

Numerical buckling analysis of carbon fibre-epoxy composite plates with different cutouts number by finite element method

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tikrit, Tikrit, Iraq

Composite materials are one of most important engineering structures due to their desirable structural properties like corrosion resistance, high specific strength, specific stiffness, and lightness compared to conventional materials. This article provides numerical study with linear and nonlinear analysis of the influence of thin carbon/epoxy composite plates with rectangular cutouts on the buckling behavior. The aim of current study is to examine the effect of central rectangular cut outs number of single, double, and triple cut outs of rectangular carbon–epoxy composite plates on the maximum buckling load and maximum deflection under natural and post buckling mode. This determination is to evaluate the possibility of employing elastic elements such as thin carbon–epoxy composite plate elements, whose stiffness affected by modifying the laminate cut-outs number at constant total area, where the area of the single cut out, total area of double cut outs, and total area of triple cut outs are equal. The finite element method was adopted to analyse the structure numerically. Furthermore, in order to maintain stable structure operation under post-buckling range, the laminated composite plates were arranged symmetrical lay-up with extension bending couplings. The finding demonstrates that the distribute of cut out area on the composite plate area with rectangular shape at constant total cut outs area lead to increase the maximum load and slightly reduces the maximum deflection, this can be attributed to the improvement of the compression load distribution on the composite plate model.
  Figure/Table
  Supplementary
  Article Metrics

Keywords carbon-epoxy composite plates; finite element method; post-buckling; compression test

Citation: Adel M Bash, Sulaiman E. Mnawe, Salim A. Salah. Numerical buckling analysis of carbon fibre-epoxy composite plates with different cutouts number by finite element method. AIMS Materials Science, 2020, 7(1): 46-59. doi: 10.3934/matersci.2020.1.46

References

  • 1. Zhang YX, Yang CY (2009) Recent developments in finite element analysis for laminated composite plates. Compos Struct 88: 147-157.    
  • 2. Kremer T, Schürmann H (2008) Buckling of tension-loaded thin-walled composite plates with cut-outs. Compos Sci Technol 68: 90-97.    
  • 3. Forster E, Clay S, Holzwarth R, et al. (2008) Flight vehicle composite structures. The 26th Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) 2008: 8976.
  • 4. Prusty BG, Satsangi SK (2001) Analysis of stiffened shell for ships and ocean structures by finite element method. Ocean Eng 28: 621-638.    
  • 5. Sarangan S, Singh BN (2017) Evaluation of free vibration and bending analysis of laminated composite and sandwich plates using non-polynomial zigzag mod-els: C0 finite element formulation. Aerosp Sci Technol 68: 496-508.    
  • 6. Nemeth MP (1995) Buckling and postbuckling behaviour of laminated composite plates with a cut-out, In: Turvey GJ, Marshall IH, Buckling and Postbuckling of Composite Plates, Dordrecht: Springer, 260-298.
  • 7. Larsson PL (1989) On buckling of orthotropic stretched plates with circular holes. Compos Struct 11: 121-134.    
  • 8. Shirkavand A, Taheri-Behrooz F, Omidi M (2019) Orientation and size effect of a rectangle cutout on the buckling of composite cylinders. Aerosp Sci Technol 87: 488-497.    
  • 9. Ovesy HR, Taghizadeh M, Kharazi M (2012) Post-buckling analysis of composite plates containing embedded delaminations with arbitrary shape by using higher order shear deformation theory. Compos Struct 94: 1243-1249.    
  • 10. Hao P, Liu C, Liu X, et al. (2018) Isogeometric analysis and design of variable-stiffness aircraft panels with multiple cutouts by level set method. Compos Struct 206: 888-902.    
  • 11. Hao P, Wang Y, Liu C, et al. (2018) Hierarchical nondeterministic optimization of curvilinearly stiffened panel with multicutouts. AIAA J 56: 4180-4194.    
  • 12. Hao P, Wang B, Tian K, et al. (2016) Efficient optimization of cylindrical stiffened shells with reinforced cutouts by curvilinear stiffeners. AIAA J 54: 1350-1363.    
  • 13. Dey S, Mukhopadhyay T, Sahu SK, et al. (2016) Effect of cutout on stochastic natural frequency of composite curved panels. Compos Part B-Eng 105: 188-202.    
  • 14. Narayanan R, Der Avanessian NGV (1984) Elastic buckling of perforated plates under shear. Thin Wall Struct 2: 51-73.    
  • 15. Naskar S, Mukhopadhyay T, Sriramula S (2018) Probabilistic micromechanical spatial variability quantification in laminated composites. Compos Part B-Eng 151: 291-325.    
  • 16. Dey S, Mukhopadhyay T, Naskar s, et al. (2019) Probabilistic characterisation for dynamics and stability of laminated soft core sandwich plates. J Sandw Struct Mater 21: 366-397.    
  • 17. Erdem S, Kaman MO, Gur M (2019) Post-buckling behavior of carbon fiber epoxy composite plates. J Mech Sci Technol 33: 1723-1730.    
  • 18. Baba BO, Baltaci A (2007) Buckling characteristics of symmetrically and antisymmetrically laminated composite plates with central cutout. Appl Compos Mater 14: 265-276.    
  • 19. Yidris N, Hassan M (2019) The effects of cut-out on thin-walled plates, In: Jawaid M, Thariq M, Saba N, Modelling of Damage Processes in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, United Kingdom: Woodhead Publishing, 19-26.
  • 20. Rezae R, Shaterzadeh AR, Abolghasemi S (2015) Buckling analysis of rectangular functionally graded plates with an elliptic hole under thermal loads. J Solid Mech 7: 41-57.
  • 21. Pekbey Y, Sayman O (2006) A numerical and experimental investigation of critical buckling load of rectangular laminated composite plates with strip delamination. J Reinf Plast Comp 25: 685-697.    
  • 22. Ghannadpour SAM, Najafi A, Mohammadi B (2006) On the buckling behavior of crossply laminated composite plates due to circular/elliptical cutouts. Compos Struct 75: 3-6.    
  • 23. Kumar D, Singh SB (2010) Effects of boundary conditions on buckling and postbuckling responses of composite laminate with various shaped cutouts. Compos Struct 92: 769-779.    
  • 24. Komur MA, Sen F, Atas A, et al. (2010) Buckling analysis of laminated composite plates with an elliptical/circular cutout using FEM. Adv Eng Softw 41: 161-164.    
  • 25. Falkowicz K, Ferdynus M, Dębski H (2015) Numerical analysis of compressed plates with a cut-out operating in the geometrically nonlinear range. Eksploat Niezawodn 17: 222-227.    
  • 26. Falkowicz K, Dębski H, Wysmulski P, et al. (2019) The behaviour of compressed plate with a central cut-out, made of composite in an asymmetrical arrangement of layers. Compos Struct 214: 406-413.    
  • 27. ANSYS, ANSYS Fluent Theory Guide 15, 2015. Available from: http://www.pmt.usp.br/ACADEMIC/martoran/NotasModelosGrad/ANSYS%20Fluent%20Theory%20Guide%2015.pdf.
  • 28. York CB (2015) On tapered warp-free laminates with single-ply terminations. Compos Part A Appl S 72: 127-38.    
  • 29. Samborski S (2016) Numerical analysis of the DCB test configuration applicability to mechanically coupled fiber reinforced laminated composite beams. Compos Struct 152: 477-487.    
  • 30. Haynes R, Cline J, Shonkwiler B, et al. (2016) On plane stress and plane strain in classical lamination theory. Compos Sci Technol 127: 20-27.    
  • 31. Reid RG, Paskaramoorthy R (2011) An extension to classical lamination theory for use with functionally graded plates. Compos Struct 93: 639-648.    
  • 32. Shao D, Hu S, Wang Q, et al. (2016) A unified analysis for the transient response of composite laminated curved beam with arbitrary lamination schemes and general boundary restraints. Compos Struct 154: 507-526.    
  • 33. Deng J, Zhou G, Bordas SPA, et al. (2017) Numerical evaluation of buckling behaviour induced by compression on patch-repaired composites. Compos Struct 168: 582-596.    
  • 34. Debski H, Koszalka G, Ferdynus M (2012) Application of FEM in the analysis of the structure of a trailer supporting frame with variable operation parameters. Eksploat Niezawodn 2012: 107-113.
  • 35. Debski H, Kubiak T, Teter A (2013) Buckling and postbuckling behaviour of thin-walled composite channel section column. Compos Struct 100: 195-204.    
  • 36. Kopecki T, Mazurek P (2014) Numerical representation of post-critical deformations in the processes of determining stress distributions in closed multi-segment thin-walled aircraft load-bearing structures. Eksploat Niezawodn 16: 163-169.
  • 37. Falkowicz K (2017) Experimental and numerical analysis of compression thin-walled composite plates weakened by cut-outs. Arch Civil Eng 63: 161-172.    

 

Reader Comments

your name: *   your email: *  

© 2020 the Author(s), licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

Download full text in PDF

Export Citation

Copyright © AIMS Press All Rights Reserved