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Derivation, parameterization and validation of a creep deformation/rupture material constitutive model for SiC/SiC ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs)

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson SC 29634, USA

Topical Section: Advanced composites

The present work deals with the development of material constitutive models for creep-deformation and creep-rupture of SiC/SiC ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) under general three-dimensional stress states. The models derived are aimed for use in finite element analyses of the performance, durability and reliability of CMC turbine blades used in gas-turbine engines. Towards that end, one set of available experimental data pertaining to the effect of stress magnitude and temperature on the time-dependent creep deformation and rupture, available in the open literature, is used to derive and parameterize material constitutive models for creep-deformation and creep-rupture. The two models derived are validated by using additional experimental data, also available in the open literature. To enable the use of the newly-developed CMC creep-deformation and creep-rupture models within a structural finite-element framework, the models are implemented in a user-material subroutine which can be readily linked with a finite-element program/solver. In this way, the performance and reliability of CMC components used in high-temperature high-stress applications, such as those encountered in gas-turbine engines can be investigated computationally. Results of a preliminary finite-element analysis concerning the creep-deformation-induced contact between a gas-turbine engine blade and the shroud are presented and briefly discussed in the last portion of the paper. In this analysis, it is assumed that: (a) the blade is made of the SiC/SiC CMC; and (b) the creep-deformation behavior of the SiC/SiC CMC can be represented by the creep-deformation model developed in the present work.
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Copyright Info: © 2016, Mica Grujicic, et al., licensee AIMS Press. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licese (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)

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