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Composite anodes for lithium-ion batteries: status and trends

Alain Mauger Haiming Xie Christian M. Julien

*Corresponding author: Haiming Xie Christian.Julien@upmc.fr

Materials2016,3,1054doi:10.3934/matersci.2016.3.1054

Presently, the negative electrodes of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is constituted by carbon-based materials that exhibit a limited specific capacity 372 mAh g−1 associated with the cycle between C and LiC6. Therefore, many efforts are currently made towards the technological development nanostructured materials in which the electrochemical processes occurs as intercalation, alloying or conversion reactions with a good accommodation of dilatation/contraction during cycling. In this review, attention is focused on advanced anode composite materials based on carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, titanium and conversion anode composite based on transition-metal oxides.

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