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Energy asymptotics in the Brezis–Nirenberg problem: The higher-dimensional case

Rupert L. Frank Tobias König Hynek Kovařík

*Corresponding author: Hynek Kovařík hynek.kovarik@unibs.it

MinE2020,1,119doi:10.3934/mine.2020007

For dimensions $N \geq 4$, we consider the Br\'ezis-Nirenberg variational problem of finding \[ S(\epsilon V) := \inf_{0\not\equiv u\in H^1_0(\Omega)} \frac{\int_\Omega |\nabla u|^2\, dx +\epsilon \int_\Omega V\, |u|^2\, dx}{\left(\int_\Omega |u|^q \, dx \right)^{2/q}}, \] where $q=\frac{2N}{N-2}$ is the critical Sobolev exponent, $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is a bounded open set and $V:\overline{\Omega}\to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function. We compute the asymptotics of $S(0) - S(\epsilon V)$ to leading order as $\epsilon \to 0+$. We give a precise description of the blow-up profile of (almost) minimizing sequences and, in particular, we characterize the concentration points as being extrema of a quotient involving the Robin function. This complements the results from our recent paper in the case $N = 3$.

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