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The pedunculopontine nucleus: From posture and locomotion to neuroepigenetics

T. Virmani F. J. Urbano V. Bisagno E. Garcia-Rill

*Corresponding author: E. Garcia-Rill garciarilledgar@uams.edu

neuroscience2019,4,219doi:10.3934/Neuroscience.2019.4.219

In this review, we discuss first an example of one of the symptoms of PD, freezing of gait (FOG), then we will turn to the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) to treat PD, and the original studies that led to identification of the PPN as one source of locomotor control and why stimulation frequency is critical, and then describe the intrinsic properties of PPN neurons that require beta/gamma stimulation in order to fully activate all types of PPN neurons. Finally, we will describe recent findings on the proteomic and molecular consequences of gamma band activity in PPN neurons, with emphasis on the potential neuroepigenetic sequelae. These considerations will provide essential information for the appropriate refining and testing of PPN DBS as a potential therapy for PD, as well as alternative options.

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Article URL   http://www.aimspress.com/neuroscience/article/4265.html
Article ID   neurosci-06-04-219
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