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Plant cell wall composition and enzymatic deconstruction

Thatiane Rodrigues Mota Dyoni Matias de Oliveira Rogério Marchiosi Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho Wanderley Dantas dos Santos

*Corresponding author: Thatiane Rodrigues Mota thatianermota@gmail.com

Bioengineering2018,1,63doi:10.3934/bioeng.2018.1.63

Cellulosic ethanol is one the most prominent technologies capable of replacing the use of fossil fuels in an observable horizon of technological development. The complexity of plant biomass, however, continues to challenge our ability to convert it into biofuels efficiently. Highly complex and cross-linked polysaccharides, hydrophobic and protein adsorbent polymers, and crystalline supramolecular structures comprise some of the structures that shield the plant cell contents (and the shield structures themselves) against predators. In response, a sophisticated enzymatic weaponry, with its associated chemical and physical mechanisms, is necessary to overcome this recalcitrance. Here we describe basic information about chemical composition of lignocellulosic biomass and the enzymatic arsenal for lignocellulose deconstruction into fermentable sugars.

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